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Bionomics and management of Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Insecta: Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze in tea plantations of north-eastern India

  • Ramaiyer Varatharajan
  • Somnath RoyEmail author
  • Anjali Km Prasad
  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay
  • Narayanannair Muraleedharan
Mini-Review
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Abstract

Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a polyphagous and cosmopolitan pest. Its infestation on tea plant has increased considerably in the last few decades as a result of which it has now got established as one of the major sucking pests in the tea-growing areas of north-eastern (NE) India, and the rest of India at large. A number of factors, such as climate change, deforestation, over-reliance on pesticides, coupled with the capability of thrips to sustain and survive in monocultures, high reproductive rate both by parthenogenesis and sexual mode, short generation time, ability to survive as cryptic, quiescent prepupa and pupa and development of resistance to insecticides influence their periodical outbreaks. Tea thrips cause both direct and indirect damage to tea plants by feeding as well as egg laying in tender leaf tissues and buds causing stunted plant growth and significant yield loss. In this review, all available details pertaining to S. dorsalis infesting the tea plants have been summarised in the context of its management.

Keywords

Scirtothrips dorsalis tea thrips bioecology damage potential management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank the Director of the Tea Research Association, (TRA) Jorhat for the encouragement. Thanks are also extended to Entomology Department, Tocklai Tea Research Institute, TRA, Jorhat, Assam; Head, Department of Life Sciences, Manipur University and Entomology Research Unit, Department of Zoology, North Bengal University for providing constant support, necessary information and literature. Thanks are also due to the two unknown referees of the journal and Dr. A. Raman, University of Sydney for critically going through the manuscript and offering good suggestions for the improvement of this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© African Association of Insect Scientists 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramaiyer Varatharajan
    • 1
  • Somnath Roy
    • 2
    Email author
  • Anjali Km Prasad
    • 2
  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay
    • 3
  • Narayanannair Muraleedharan
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Entomology, Centre of Advanced Study in Life SciencesManipur UniversityImphalIndia
  2. 2.Department of Entomology, Tea Research AssociationTocklai Tea Research InstituteJorhatIndia
  3. 3.Entomology Research Unit, Department of ZoologyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia

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