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Refugees and violence: Introducing the Refugee-Related Security Incidence Dataset (RRSID)

  • Heidrun BohnetEmail author
  • Seraina Rüegger
Original Article

Abstract

Politicians regard refugees increasingly as a security threat. Yet, systematic knowledge on the types, locations and frequency of security incidences involving refugees is limited. While existing conflict datasets include refugees as actors and refugee settlements as event locations, they do not provide more micro-level data on violent events involving refugees. This article introduces a novel subnational geo-coded dataset on refugee-related security incidences that records all instances of violence in Central and Eastern Africa between 1999–2010 that take place within refugee settlements or involve refugees, independently of where it happened. Using the new data, we show that most events are sexual and gender-based violent events and occur among refugees, while security incidences involving rebel groups occur relatively seldom. We demonstrate in an analysis at the administrative unit level that different types of refugee accommodations, camps and self-settlements, are both associated with refugee-related violence. Hence, stakeholders urgently need to upscale the protection of refugees at these locations, particularly in Kenya where most incidences were recorded.

Keywords

Refugees Violence Data Africa 

Flüchtlinge und Gewalt: Vorstellung des Datensatzes zu fluchtbezogenen Sicherheitsvorfällen

Zusammenfassung

Flüchtlinge werden in der nationalen und internationalen Politik häufig als Sicherheitsrisiko dargestellt. Jedoch haben wir nur beschränktes systematisches Wissen über die Art, den Ort und die Häufigkeit von Gewaltanwendungen im Zusammenhang mit Flüchtlingen. Zwar geben bestehende Datensätze in der Konfliktforschung Auskunft über Flüchtlinge als Akteure oder Flüchtlingssiedlungen als Orte des Geschehens, jedoch können sie keine Angaben über Gewalt an Flüchtlingen auf der Mikroebene machen. Dieser Artikel präsentiert einen neuen, subnational geokodierten Datensatz über sicherheitsrelevante Ereignisse im Zusammenhang mit Flüchtlingen. Der Datensatz listet alle Vorfälle von Gewaltanwendung in Zentral- und Ostafrika zwischen 1999 und 2010 auf, die in Flüchtlingssiedlungen stattfanden oder ausserhalb dieser Flüchtlinge direkt betrafen. Die neuen Daten zeigen auf, dass die häufigsten Vorfälle sexuelle und geschlechtsbasierte Gewalt sind, während gewalttätige Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Rebellen und Flüchtlingen relativ selten vorkommen. Wir zeigen in einer Analyse auf der Ebene der administrativen Einheiten, dass Gewalt an und von Flüchtlingen in verschiedene Typen von Flüchtlingsunterkünften vorkommt, in Lagern ebenso wie in individuell organisierten Unterkünften. Politische EntscheidungsträgerInnen sollten deshalb dringend den Schutz von Flüchtlingen in diversen Unterkünften verstärken, besonderns in Kenia, wo wir am meisten Vorfälle beobachtet haben.

Schlüsselwörter

Flüchtlinge Gewalt Daten Afrika 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the UNHCR Geneva for sharing their annual country reports and the refugee location data. Irinia Siminichina provided excellent coding assistance. Annette Aigner, Natalie Gill, Nicolas Hedley and Serge Mukiele were of invaluable help in collecting the RRSID data. We thank the guest editors Roos van der Haer, Johannes Vüllers and Nils B. Weidmann as well as two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

42597_2019_15_MOESM1_ESM.dta (269 kb)
Replikationsdatensatz in STATA Format
42597_2019_15_MOESM2_ESM.do (2 kb)
STATA Do File für die Replikation der Analyse
42597_2019_15_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (588 kb)
Codebook des RRSID Datensatzes

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Copyright information

© Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung e.V. (AFK) und die Autoren 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and International Relations, Uni MailUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Center for Comparative and International StudiesETH ZurichZürichSwitzerland

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