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Vegetos

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 635–642 | Cite as

Phyto-chemical composition of the ethno-medicinal plant Priva cordifolia (L.f) Druce

  • A. P. AnandaEmail author
  • N. B. KrishnamurthyEmail author
  • B. S. Nagendra
  • K. R. Savitha
Research Articles
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the phytochemical composition of the Indian ethno-medicinal plant Priva cordifolia (L.f) Druce. Standard methods were adopted to perform a proximate analysis of P. cardifolia to determine its phytochemical and mineral contents. Fatty acids and vitamin-C were analyzed by GC-FID and HPLC respectively. β-carotene was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. A total phenolic content of 102 ± 1.14 mg/g and flavonoids, 350.48 ± 12.80 mg/g were found in the plant’s leaf extract. The concentration of crude fat, ash, crude protein, crude fiber, and carbohydrate were respectively 2.08 ± 0.10, 16.32 ± 0.52, 19.04 ± 0.62, and 9.1 ± 0.14 and 41.64 ± 1.20 g/100 g of dried leaf powder. The content of Ca, K and Mg were 2249.38 ± 66.00, 2151.51 ± 60.25 and 356.15 ± 2.95 mg/100 g respectively, and that of the trace elements Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mn 94.01 ± 2.10, 9.40 ± 0.12, 1.66 ± 0.06 and 6.23 ± 0.09 mg/100 g of dried leaf powder respectively. The polyunsaturated fatty acid- linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids content found in extracted fat was 16.42, 46.62 and 0.72 g/100 g respectively. β-Carotene 894.00 ± 12.00 µg/g and vitamin-C 53.34 ± 1.60 µg/g of fresh leaves were found. The data seem to suggest the possibility of a correlation of the phyto-chemical composition of P. cordifolia with some of its already known therapeutic properties. The total phenolics and antioxidants of this plant, in particular, may play the key role in relief from oxidation stress and in wound healing.

Keywords

Proximate analysis Minerals Total phenolics β-carotene Fatty acid profile 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support and facilities kindly extended by the CEO of Ganesh Consultancy and Analytical Services, Laboratory, Mysuru.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal statements

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

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Copyright information

© Society for Plant Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Ganesh Consultancy and Analytical ServicesHebbal Industrial AreaMysuruIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyShridevi Institute of Engineering and TechnologyTumkurIndia
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, University College of ScienceTumkur UniversityTumkurIndia

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