Phyto-chemical composition of the ethno-medicinal plant Priva cordifolia (L.f) Druce
- 2 Downloads
The aim of the study was to determine the phytochemical composition of the Indian ethno-medicinal plant Priva cordifolia (L.f) Druce. Standard methods were adopted to perform a proximate analysis of P. cardifolia to determine its phytochemical and mineral contents. Fatty acids and vitamin-C were analyzed by GC-FID and HPLC respectively. β-carotene was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy. A total phenolic content of 102 ± 1.14 mg/g and flavonoids, 350.48 ± 12.80 mg/g were found in the plant’s leaf extract. The concentration of crude fat, ash, crude protein, crude fiber, and carbohydrate were respectively 2.08 ± 0.10, 16.32 ± 0.52, 19.04 ± 0.62, and 9.1 ± 0.14 and 41.64 ± 1.20 g/100 g of dried leaf powder. The content of Ca, K and Mg were 2249.38 ± 66.00, 2151.51 ± 60.25 and 356.15 ± 2.95 mg/100 g respectively, and that of the trace elements Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mn 94.01 ± 2.10, 9.40 ± 0.12, 1.66 ± 0.06 and 6.23 ± 0.09 mg/100 g of dried leaf powder respectively. The polyunsaturated fatty acid- linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids content found in extracted fat was 16.42, 46.62 and 0.72 g/100 g respectively. β-Carotene 894.00 ± 12.00 µg/g and vitamin-C 53.34 ± 1.60 µg/g of fresh leaves were found. The data seem to suggest the possibility of a correlation of the phyto-chemical composition of P. cordifolia with some of its already known therapeutic properties. The total phenolics and antioxidants of this plant, in particular, may play the key role in relief from oxidation stress and in wound healing.
KeywordsProximate analysis Minerals Total phenolics β-carotene Fatty acid profile
The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support and facilities kindly extended by the CEO of Ganesh Consultancy and Analytical Services, Laboratory, Mysuru.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
Human and animal statements
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.
- Ananda AP, Sampath Kumara KK, Nagendra BS, Savitha KR, Krishnamurthy NB (2016) A taxonomical note on Priva cordifolia (L.f) Druce an Indian ethno-medicinal plant. World J Pharm Pharm Sci. 5(8):356–363Google Scholar
- Anyasor GN, Ogunwenmo O, Oyelana OA, Akpofunure BE (2010) Phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activities of aqueous and methanol stem extracts of Costusafer Ker Gawl(Costaceae). Afr J Biotechnol 9(31):4880–4884Google Scholar
- Ayyanar M, Ignacimuthu S (2009) Herbal medicines for wound healing among tribal people in Southern India: ethnobotanical and Scientific evidences. Int J Appl Res Nat Prod 2(3):29–42Google Scholar
- Chang CC, Yang MH, Wen HM, Chern JC (2002) Estimation of total flavonoid content in propolis by two complementary colorimetric methods. J Food Drug Anal 10(3):178–182Google Scholar
- Harborne JB (1998) Photochemical methods: a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis, 2nd edn. London, UK, Chapman A. & Hall, pp 4–84Google Scholar
- HMSO (1994) U.K. Nutritional Aspect of Cardiovascular Disease, vol 46. Department of Health, Report on health and Social Subjects, London, pp 37–46Google Scholar
- Kokate KC (1997) Practical pharmacognacy, 4th edn. Vallabh Prakashan, Delhi, p 218Google Scholar
- Manukumar HM, Ananda AP, Vishwanathan D (2013) Study of physicochemical parameters and antioxidant in honey collected from different locations of India. Int J Pharm Life Sci 4(12):3159–3165Google Scholar
- Mohan RK, Bhirava Murthy PV (1992) Plants used in traditional medicine by tribals of prakasam district. Andhra Pradesh. Ancient Sci Life 11(3–4):176Google Scholar
- Panday SB, Tiwari MR (2002) Ruminant livestock production and their role in sustainable development in Mountain Regions of Nepal. In: Wangdi K, Roder W, Gyaltsen T (eds) Sustainable mountain development-agro-pastoral systems and fodder crops in the Himalayan region. Proceedings of the fifth Meetings of the Temperate Asia Pasture and Fodder network (TAPAFON), held at Renewable Natural Resources Research Centre, Bajo, Wangdue, Bhutan, 29 Apr to 4 May 2002Google Scholar
- Ranganna S (2009) Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetable products, 2nd edn. Tata McGraw-Hill publishing company, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Revathy SS, Rathinamala R, Murugesan M (2012) Authentication methods for drugs used in ayurveda, siddha and unani systems of medicine: an overview. Int J Pharm Sci Res 3(8):2352–2361Google Scholar
- Samuelsson B, Granstrom E, Green K, Hamberg M (1971) Metabolism of prostaglandins. Ann NY Acad Sci 180(13):8–163Google Scholar
- Soetan KO, Olaiya CO, Oyewole OE (2010) The importance of mineral elements for humans, domestic animals and plants—a review. Afr J Food Sci 4(5):200–222Google Scholar
- Witham FH, Blaydes DF, Devlin RM (1971) Experiments in plant physiology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 241–242Google Scholar
- Zahin M, Aqil F, Ahmad I (2009) The in vitro antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of four Indian medicinal plants. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 1(1):88–95Google Scholar