, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 92–97 | Cite as

Extremely diverse structural organization in the complete mitochondrial genome of seedless Phoenix dactylifera L

  • Pritesh P. Bhatt
  • Vrinda S. ThakerEmail author
Research Articles


Mitochondrial genome of seedless (mutant) variety of Phoenix dactylifera is analyzed to understand the probable reason for seedless condition. The size of the genome is 585,493 bp long which is 129,508 bp shorter compared to the normal genome and demonstrate significantly higher rate of nucleotide loss. The loss is evident in coding and non-coding regions. Missing of all rRNA genes and other three genes, i.e., rps14, rps13, rps19 is observed. Total 2726 SNPs are recorded, showed 80.9% identity with the normal genome. The ratio of nonsynonymous (dN) synonymous (dS) substitution (dN/dS) is more than one for nad7, nad1, ccMb, ccmC, cob, matR, matB suggest adaptive selection while less than one for cox2 suggest strong selective pressure on this gene and reduction in size may be start of its transfer to nucleus. Such variations may play an important role in seedless condition is discussed.


Mitochondrial genome Phoenix dactylifera Seedless mutant Nucleotide variations SNPs 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

42535_2019_10_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society for Plant Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiosciencesSaurashtra UniversityRajkotIndia
  2. 2.Vimal Research Society for Agro Bio-tech and Cosmic PowersRajkotIndia

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