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Toward Open-Source Hardware and Software for the Mining Industry: a Case Study of Low-Cost Environmental Monitoring System for Non-Metallic Underground Mines

  • Mokhinabonu Mardonova
  • Yosoon ChoiEmail author
Article

Abstract

Open-source technology for supporting the Industry 4.0 has become the target of academic research in many sectors. This study reviewed the trends of open-source technology, its forms, and some industrial applications. As a case study using open-source hardware and software for the mining industry, this study proposed a low-cost environmental monitoring system for non-metallic underground mines to support mine safety and occupational health issues. The system was developed using open-source hardware, Arduino and 3D printer, to design the monitoring device. An open-source software, MIT App Inventor, was used for developing an Android application for smartphones to enable remote communication with the system. Field experiments were conducted at an underground tunnel and a non-metallic underground mining site to assess the performance of the system in both mobile and static modes, respectively. Although a few limitations related to the precision of the low-cost dust and gas sensors still exist, the findings of the experiments show that the mining industry can benefit from open-source technology deployment when considering cost factors.

Keywords

Open-source hardware Open-source software Industry 4.0 Environmental monitoring Mining 

Abbreviations

AQI

Air Quality Index

BLE

Bluetooth low energy

GIS

Geographic Information Systems

GPS

Global Positioning System

GVCS

Global Village Construction Set

IDE

Integrated Development Environment

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IoT

Internet of Things

JISC

Joint Information Systems Committee

MSHA

Mine Safety and Health Administration

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

OS

operating system

OSE

Open Source Ecology

OSH

open-source hardware

OSS

open-source software

PV

photovoltaics

RFID

radio frequency identification

Notes

Author Contributions

Y.C. conceived and designed the experiments; M.M. performed the experiments; M.M. and Y.C. analyzed the data; Y.C. contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools; M.M. and Y.C. wrote the paper.

Funding Information

This work was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2018R1D1A1A09083947).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy Resources EngineeringPukyong National UniversityBusanSouth Korea

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