Roof Deformation Associated with Mining of Two Panels in Steeply Dipping Coal Seam Using Subsurface Subsidence Prediction Model and Physical Simulation Experiment

  • Panshi XieEmail author
  • Yi Luo
  • Yongping Wu
  • Xicai Gao
  • Shenghu Luo
  • Youfu Zeng


This research investigates roof deformation and failure characteristics, as well as mechanical interaction between the panels of the roof strata above two adjacent working faces in a steeply inclined coal seam. Physical modeling with photogrammetry measurement method has been employed in this investigation. The movement of roof strata and section pillar, as well as the stratum morphological characteristics, was quantitatively analyzed. Results show that the roof movement direction above the two panels has zoning characteristics, especially in the lower panel. Roof migration in the lower panel of the working face is larger than that in the upper panel. The roof to floor closure perpendicular to the seam direction is larger than the sliding along the seam. The maximum roof concave and convex bending occurred at the middle and upper parts of both panels; the roof bending in the upper panel mining area indicates a larger mining disturbance induced by lower panel mining. The void ratio contour of the lower panel is an asymmetrically arched shape, which is different from that of the upper panel area. The higher roof strata above the upper panel exhibit separation and breaking, whereas the lower roof exhibits compression due to mining in lower panel. The section pillar is compressed and slides slightly, which aggravates the mechanical interaction between the panels and increases the caving height of the roof over the lower panel and the periodic weighting intensity.


Steeply dipping coal seam Interaction between panels Physical simulation Surface subsidence prediction 


Funding Information

The authors acknowledge and appreciate technical support from Coal Mine No. 2130 of Xinjiang Coking Coal (Group) Co., Ltd. This work were supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant numbers: 51774230, 51634007 and 51604212], and Peak Project of Mining Engineering [grant number: 2018GG-2-07].

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy and ResourceXi’an University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Western Mine Exploitation and Hazard PreventionMinistry of EducationXi’anChina
  3. 3.Department of Mining EngineeringWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA

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