Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 16–17 | Cite as

Triboeconomics of the manufacture of ceramics

  • Lidiya R. BozadzhievaEmail author
  • Lyudmil S. Bozadzhiev
  • Georgi T. Georgiev
Applications and Engineering Ceramic Tiles


The triboeconomics of ceramic manufacturing is based on the contact interactions in the line: raw material—technology—product—application. The growing share of recycled and synthetic raw materials in comparison to natural raw materials closes the production cycle. The calcinated at 1000 °C (1 h) water granulated blast-furnace slag is comparable to calumite, grinded glost-fired faience waste to the SLS glass (soda-lime-silica glass), but the ceramic tiles with calcinated water granulated blast-furnace slag to the Life Ceram tiles. The synthetic diopside is a suitable component mass for speedy firing.


triboeconomics recycled and synthetic raw materials ceramic tile 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidiya R. Bozadzhieva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lyudmil S. Bozadzhiev
    • 2
  • Georgi T. Georgiev
    • 2
  1. 1.BS Global ConsultingSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.University Prof. Dr. Asen ZlatarovBurgasBulgaria

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