Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 18–27 | Cite as

Addition of limestone at the expense of gypsum in Portland cement

  • Hassan H. M. DarweeshEmail author
  • E. A. Abou-El-Anwar
  • H. S. Mekky
Research and Development Cement


The influence of the addition of limestone at the expense of gypsum in Portland cement was investigated. Results showed that with the gradual replacement of very fine limestone instead of gypsum the hydration process improves, enhances at all curing times until 90 days. On this basis, the hydration heat, bound water, free lime contents, bulk density, compressive strength improved, were enhanced, while the apparent porosity decreased. In contrast, the water/cement ratio, both the initial, the final setting times decreased. These results were confirmed with FTIR spectra, SEM-EDAX analysis. SEM showed the formation of carboaluminate hydrates in cement pastes containing limestone, CSH, SO4−2, CO3−2, whilst the peaks of EDAX showed elements of Al+3, Fe+3, Ca+2, Al2O3.


cement gypsum limestone IR SEM-EDAX 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hassan H. M. Darweesh
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. A. Abou-El-Anwar
    • 2
  • H. S. Mekky
    • 2
  1. 1.Refractories, Ceramics, Building Materials Department, National Research CentreDokki, CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Geological Sciences Department, National Research CentreDokki, CairoEgypt

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