Nano-biogenic Hydroxyapatite Porous Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

  • Salma M. NagaEmail author
  • E. M. Mahmoud
  • H. F. El-Maghraby
  • A. M. El-Kady
  • M. S. Arbid
  • A. Killinger
  • R. Gadow
Research and Development Bioceramics


Each year millions of tons of fish bones and shellfish are caught, which is a serious environmental problem. Although these wastes contain valuable minerals, their use is not widespread. The main objective of the present research is to study the use of the extracted nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) that is prepared from such natural resources for in vivo study in rats. In vivo tests and biochemical studies were conducted to observe the changes found in blood. Biological studies indicate that the degradation products of the biogenic nano-HA scaffolds do not cause liver disorder, kidney failure, carcinogenic effect, oxidative effects, or liberation of oxygen radicals that could destroy tissue. Neither any inflammatory effect was found.


biomedical biomaterials nanomaterials fish bone 



The authors would like to thank the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF), the German-Egyptian Research Fund (GERF) Projects programme, Project ID 23036 for financing the present research. The authors admit that there are no competing interests, the study does not involve human subjects and that the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF) Egypt financed their study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salma M. Naga
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. M. Mahmoud
    • 1
  • H. F. El-Maghraby
    • 1
  • A. M. El-Kady
    • 2
  • M. S. Arbid
    • 3
  • A. Killinger
    • 4
  • R. Gadow
    • 4
  1. 1.National Research Centre, Ceramics DeptCairoEgypt
  2. 2.National Research Centre, Glass DeptCairoEgypt
  3. 3.National Research Centre, Pharmacology Dept.CairoEgypt
  4. 4.Institute for Manufacturing Technologies of Ceramic Components and Composites (IMTCCC)Stuttgart UniversityStuttgartGermany

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