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China Population and Development Studies

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 369–383 | Cite as

The health status of the Chinese elderly and changes since 1990s: evidence from population censuses and sampling surveys

  • Wenjuan Zhang
  • Dongjing WangEmail author
Original Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

Employing data from the population census in 2010 and the 1% population sample survey in 2015, this paper examines the health status of China’s elderly including urban–rural differences and gender gaps in their health. In addition, sampling surveys from 1994 and 2004 are used to analyze the changes in the health status of the elderly since 1994. The results show that the health status of the urban elderly remained stable, but that of the rural elderly improved between the years 2010 and 2015. The health status of older males was generally better than that of older females. The health status of middle-aged elderly improved, but that of the oldest-old declined among male groups. The prevalence of disability of the elderly declined between 1994 and 2015, but the developmental pattern of disability changed in this period.

Keywords

Health status of the elderly Self-reported health Disability 

Notes

Funding

This study is supported by “A Study on the Elderly Care System in China in the View of Healthy Ageing” (17XNLG08), a major planning project of scientific research fund of Renmin University of China.

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Copyright information

© China Population and Development Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GerontologyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Sociology and Population StudiesRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

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