Advertisement

Changes in family structure in China: the impact of residence patterns and demographic factors

  • Shenghui YangEmail author
  • Wei Chen
Original Article

Abstract

Based on census data from China, this paper uses SOCSIM microscopic simulation method to decompose the key factors of family transition into demographic and residence pattern factors. The former are further broken down into demographic inertia, fertility, mortality and marriage rate. The results indicate that the current demographic changes are relatively small and, thus, the small fluctuations caused by demographic changes contribute much less than residence pattern to the family transition. Among the demographic factors, demographic inertia and fertility have a greater effect on family transition and the impacts caused by fertility and marriage rate are consistent with the direction of the overall influence of demographic factors: increasing the proportion of single-person households, one-generation households, and two-generation households, and decreasing the proportion of three-generation or more households. In contrast, the effect of mortality rate was opposite to that of fertility rate, which increased the proportion of populations living in single-person, one-generation, and two-generation households, but the decreased the proportion of the population living in three-generation or more households.

Keywords

Family transition SOCSIM microscopic simulation Demographic factors Residence pattern factors 

References

  1. Hammel, E. A. (2005). Demographic dynamics and kinship in anthropological populations. Proceedings of the National academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(6), 2248–2253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hu, Z., & Peng, X. (2014). Household changes in contemporary China: An analysis based on census data. Sociological Studies, 3, 145–166.Google Scholar
  3. Jiang, L., & O’Neill, B. C. (2007). Impacts of demographic trends on US household size and structure. Population and Development Review, 33(3), 567–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wang, Y. (2006). The changing family structure in contemporary China: An analysis. Social Sciences in China, 1, 96–108.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© China Population and Development Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China Population and Development Research CenterBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Sociology and Population StudiesRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations