Advertisement

Indian Phytopathology

, Volume 72, Issue 3, pp 555–559 | Cite as

First report of Brachysporium britannicum (Trichosphaeriaceae) from India

  • Manish Kumar DubeyEmail author
  • Zoya Shah
  • Ram Sanmukh Upadhyay
  • Ramesh Chandra Gupta
Short Communication
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Brachysporium britannicum (Trichosphaeriales) was discovered on leaf litter from the Ramgarh forest, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. B. britannicum was found on decaying leaf litter of Quercus floribunda. Morphologically, it lines well with Brachysporium. The conidia are produced singly or in groups at the apex of the conidiophore, typically pendulous, ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, predominantly two-septate (transverse), broadly rounded at ends; basal cell small, crucible-shaped, hyaline with short or small pedicel; gently expanded conspicuous central cell, disc-shaped, brown to very dark brown, occasionally subhyaline, and hyaline terminal cell are the hallmark feature of the fungus. This rare species is recorded for the first time from India. Detailed taxonomic information on this Brachysporium species includes descriptions, geographical distribution, comments and illustrations, and a comparison with closely allied taxa.

Keywords

Anamorphic fungi Ascomycetes Cellotape technique Quercus Trichosphaeriales 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Head, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India for permission to use the necessary library and technical facilities. The authors would like to thank Dr. Rafael F. Castañeda-Ruiz for providing some invaluable suggestions. We are also indebted to Dr. Eric Mckenzie for his help with linguistic revision and valuable comments.

References

  1. Dubey MK, Upadhyay RS, Kamil D, Gupta RC (2018) Sporidesmium binserum sp. nov. from Binser forest of Almora Himalaya, India. Indian Phytopathol 71(3):457–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ellis MB (1966) Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. VII. Curvularia, Brachysporium etc. Mycol Pap 106:1–57Google Scholar
  3. Ellis MB (1971) Dematiaceous hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, p 608Google Scholar
  4. Ellis MB (1976) More dematiaceous hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  5. Ellis MB, Ellis JP (1997) Microfungi on land plants: an identification handbook. The Richmond Publishing Co, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta RC (2016) A simple and quick cellotape technique to study litter decomposing fungi. J Mycol Plant Pathol 46:294–295Google Scholar
  7. Gupta RC, Upadhyay ML (2014) Cheiromoniliophora—a new generic record from India. Indian Phytopathol 67:431Google Scholar
  8. Holubová-Jechová V (1972) Lignicolous hyphomycetes from Czechoslovakia 1. Brachysporum. Folia Geobot Phytotax 7:217–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Holubová-Jechová V (1986) Lignicolous hyphomycetes from Czechoslovakia 8. Endophragmiella and Phragmocephala. Folia Geobot Phytotax 21(2):173–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hughes SJ (1951) Brachysporium in Britain. Nat Hull 837:45–48Google Scholar
  11. Hughes SJ (1953) Conidiophores, conidia, and classification. Can J Bot 31(5):577–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hughes SJ (1955) Microfungi I. Cordana, Brachysporium, Phragmocephala. Can J Bot 33:259–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hughes SJ (1965) New Zealand Fungi 2. Brachysporium Sacc. New Zeal J Bot 3(1):27–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hughes SJ (1977) Brachysporium pendulisporum. Fungi Canadenses 109:1–2Google Scholar
  15. Markovskaja S, Treigien A (2007) A new and a rare species of Cryptadelphia and their Brachysporium anamorphs. Nova Hedwigia 84:495–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Markovskaja S, Treigiené A, Irsénaité R (2002) Mitosporic fungi on oak (Quercus) in Lithuania. Bot Lithuanica 8(2):179–194Google Scholar
  17. Réblová M, Seifert KA (2004) Cryptadelphia (Trichosphaeriales), a new genus for holomorphs with Brachysporium anamorphs and clarification of the taxonomic status of Wallrothiella. Mycologia 96:343–367CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Réblová M, Miller AN, Rossman AY, Seifert KA et al (2016) Recommendations for competing sexual—asexually typified generic names in Sordariomycetes (except Diaporthales, Hypocreales, and Magnaporthales). IMA Fungus 7:131–153CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Saccardo PA (1886) Sylloge fungorum, Vol. 4. PadovaGoogle Scholar
  20. Schaumann K (1973) Brachysporium helgolandicum nov. sp., ein neuer Deuteromycet auf Treibborke im Meer. Helgolander Wiss. Meersunters 25:26–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Seephueak P, Phongpaichit S, Hyde KD, Petcharat V (2011) Diversity of saprobic fungi on decaying branch litter of the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Mycosphere 2(4):307–330Google Scholar
  22. Shenoy BD, Jeewon R, Hyde KD (2007) Impact of DNA sequence-data on the taxonomy of anamorphic fungi. Fungal Divers 26:1–54Google Scholar
  23. Shumilovskikh LS, Schlütz F, Achterberg I, Bauerochse A, Leuschner HH (2015) Non-pollen palynomorphs from mid-Holocene peat of the raised bog borsteler moor (Lower Saxony, Germany). Studia Quat 32(1):5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Silvera-Simón C, Mena-Portales J, Gené J, Cano J, Guarro J (2009) Repetophragma calongeii sp. nov. and other interesting dematiaceous hyphomycetes from the North of Spain. An Jard Bot Madrid 66:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Subramanian CV (1957) Additions to the genus Hansfordiella. Proc Indian Acad Sci Sect B 45(6):282–287Google Scholar
  26. Whitton SR, McKenzie EHC, Hyde KD (2001) Microfungi on the Pandanaceae: Nakatopsis gen. nov., a new hyphomycete genus from Malaysia. Fungal Divers 8:163–171Google Scholar
  27. Zhou DQ, Hyde KD (2001) Host-specificity, host-exclusivity and host-recurrence in saprobic fungi. Mycol Res 105:1449–1457CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Phytopathological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Mycopathology and Microbial Technology, Centre of Advanced Study in BotanyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyKumaun UniversityAlmoraIndia

Personalised recommendations