Indian Phytopathology

, Volume 72, Issue 3, pp 537–543 | Cite as

Biocontrol efficacy of Trichoderma viride against fungal pathogens of cumin, groundnut and castor

  • S. K. Singh
  • K. S. JadonEmail author
Short Communication


A potential Trichoderma viride strain CZTV-1 was screened against 15 fungal plant pathogens of which nine pathogens Diaporthe sp., Nectria haematococca, Fusarium sp., Aspergillus flavus, Lasidiplodia theobromae, Pseudofusicoccum adansoniae, Fusarium solani, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium brachygibbosum were isolated from groundnut; three pathogens viz., Alternaria alternata, Fusarium equiseti and Fusarium oxysporum were isolated from cumin; and three pathogens viz., Alternaria tenuissima, Chaetomium atrobrunnem and Alternaria porri were isolated from castor. In dual culture, T. viride (CZTV-1) significantly reduced the mycelial growth of pathogenic fungi which was the least (29.0%) for Fusarium sp. (CZC-3) and which was the maximum (82.2%) for Aspergillus niger (CZGN-12) which was statistically on par with Fusarium solani CZGN-9 (80.7%). This Trichoderma viride isolate (CZTV-1) can be further exploited for commercial scale up as a biocontrol agent under localized climatic conditions of western Rajasthan.


Arid zone Fungal diseases Biocontrol Trichoderma viride 



Authors are thankful to The Director, ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur for providing necessary research facilities.


  1. Arora DK, Yadav P, Kumar D, Patni V (2004) Evaluation of cumin varieties for resistance to blight and wilt diseases. J Mycol Plant Pathol 34:622–623Google Scholar
  2. Basappa H (2003) Integrated pest management in castor, vol 8. Directorate of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India, p 52Google Scholar
  3. Bhai RS, Thomas J (2010) Compatibility of Trichoderma harzianum (Ritai.) with fungicides, insecticides and fertilizers. Indian Phytopathol 63:145–148Google Scholar
  4. Chittenden C, Singh T (2009) In vitro evaluation of combination of Trichoderma harzianum and chitosan for the control of sapstain fungi. Biol Control 50:262–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cook RJ, Baker KF (1983) The nature and practice of biological control of plant pathogens. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, p 539Google Scholar
  6. Druzhinina IS, Seidl-Seiboth V, Herrera-Estrella A, Horwitz BA, Kenerley CM, Monte E, Mukherjee PK, Zeilinger S, Grigoriev IV, Kubicek CP (2011) Trichoderma: the genomics of opportunistic success. Nat Rev Microbiol 9:749–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gautam R, Singh SK, Sharma V (2014) RAPD and nuclear rDNA ITS polymorphism within Macrophomina phaseolina isolated from arid legumes of western Rajasthan. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sect B Biol Sci 84:171–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ginting E, Rahmianna AA (2015) Infection of Aspergillus flavus and physical quality of peanuts collected from farmers, local markets, and processors. Procedia Food Sci 3:280–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hashem M, Moharama AM, Zaied AA, Saleh FEM (2010) Efficacy of essential oils in the control of cumin root rot disease caused by Fusarium spp. Crop Prot 29:1111–1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kotasthane A, Agrawal T, Kushwah R, Rahatkar OV (2015) In-vitro antagonism of Trichoderma spp. against Sclerotium rolfsii and Rhizoctonia solani and their response towards growth of cucumber, bottle gourd and bitter gourd. Eur J Plant Pathol 141:523–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumar V, Anal AKD, Nath V (2018) Biological fitness of an indigenous Trichoderma viride, isolate RRCL T-01 against Fusarium solani and Alternaria alternate causing disease in Litchi (Lichi chinensis). Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 7:2647–2662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kumari M, Sharma OP, Singh M (2017) Collar rot (Aspergillus niger) a serious disease of groundnut, its present status and future prospects. Int J Chem Stud 5:914–919Google Scholar
  13. Manjula K, Kishore GK, Girish AG, Singh SD (2004) Combined application of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma viride has an improved biocontrol activity against stem rot in groundnut. Plant Pathol J 20:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. March G, Marinelli A (1998) Manual del Maní (Tercera Edición). EEA Manfredi, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Córdoba, ArgentinaGoogle Scholar
  15. Mishra BK, Mishra RK, Mishra RC, Tiwari AK, Yadav RS, Dikshit A (2011) Biocontrol efficacy of Trichoderma viride isolates against fungal plant pathogens causing disease in Vigna radiata L. Arch Appl Sci Res 3:361–369Google Scholar
  16. Navi SS, Bandyopadhyay R (2002) Biological control of fungal plant pathogens. In: Waller JM, Lenné JM, Waller SJ (eds) Plant pathologists’ Pocketbook. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp 354–365Google Scholar
  17. O’Brien PA (2017) Biological control of plant diseases. Austr Plant Pathol 46:293–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Olwari F, Bisikwa J, Kaaya AN, Okello DK (2013) Tolerance Levels of Peanut Varieties against Aspergillus flavus Infection. J Plant Pathol Microb 4:195. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Onofri A (2007) Routine statistical analysis of field experiments by using an excel extension. In: Proceedings 6th national conference Italian biometric society: “La statisticanelle science dellavita e dell anb I ante” Pisa, 20–22 June, pp 93–96Google Scholar
  20. Phipps PM, Porter DM (1998) Collar rot of peanut caused by Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Plant Dis 82:1205–1209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Podile AR, Kishore GK (2002) Biological control of peanut diseases. In: Gnanamanickam SS (ed) Biological control of crop diseases. Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, pp 131–160Google Scholar
  22. Radjacommare R, Venkatesan S, Samiyappan R (2010) Biological control of phytopathogenic fungi of vanilla through lytic action of Trichoderma species and Pseudomonas fluorescens. Arch Phytopath Plant Prot 43:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rajeswari P (2014) Management of wilt of Arachis hypogea (groundnut) caused by Fusarium oxysporum with Trichoderma spp. and Pseudomonas fluorescens. J Biol Control 28:151–159Google Scholar
  24. Raju MRB, Murthy KVMK (2000) Efficacy of Trichoderma spp. in the management of collar rot of groundnut caused by Aspergillus niger Van Teighem. Indian J Plant Protect 28:197–199Google Scholar
  25. Ramanaiah M, Eswara Reddy NP, Bhaskar Reddy BV, Durga Prasad S, Sudhakar P (2008) Integrated management of Aspergillus flavus (Link ex Fries) in groundnut—a preliminary study. Curr Biot 2:1–3Google Scholar
  26. Rojo FG, Reynoso MM, Ferez M, Chulze SN, Torres AM (2007) Biological control by Trichoderma species of Fusarium solani causing peanut brown root rot under field conditions. Crop Prot 26:549–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Salihu BZ, Gana AK, Apuyor BO (2014) Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis L.): botany, ecology and uses. Int J Sci Res 3:1333–1341Google Scholar
  28. Sanogo S, Etarock BF (2009) First report of Phomopsis longicolla causing stem blight of valencia peanut in New Mexico. Plant Dis 93:965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sharma S, Pandey RN (2013) Survival, epidemiology and management of Alternaria blight of cumin in Gujarat. Bioinfolet 10:639–642Google Scholar
  30. Srivastava RK, Singh RK, Prasad RD (2011) Relative antagonistic effect of different isolates of Trichoderma viride and T. harzianum against Phytophthora capsici—a bell pepper pathogen. J Biol Control 25:239–241Google Scholar
  31. Zhang N, O’Donnell K, Sutton DA, Nalim FA, Summerbell RC (2006) Members of the Fusarium solani species complex that cause infections in both humans and plants are common in the environment. J Clin Microbiol 44:2186–2190CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Phytopathological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research InstituteJodhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations