Indian Phytopathology

, Volume 71, Issue 4, pp 549–554 | Cite as

Efficacy of bio agents and fungicides against collar rot and early leaf spot of groundnut

  • Data Ram KumharEmail author
  • Ashok Kumar Meena
  • Prabhu Narayan Meena
Research Article


Collar rot caused by (Aspergillus niger Van Teighem) and early leaf spot caused by (Cercospora arachidicola Hori) are the two major diseases, affecting the groundnut cultivation across the India and worldwide. The main aim of this study was to find out the effective management module to control the collar rot and early leaf spot diseases of groundnut. Efficacy of bio agents and fungicides either alone or with combination were assessed under field conditions. The treatment module consisting of seed treatment with Tebuconazole 2 DS @ 1.5 g kg−1 + furrow application of T. viride @ 4.0 kg enriched with 50 kg FYM ha−1 + broadcasting of T. viride @ 4.0 kg enriched with 50 kg FYM ha−1 at 40 DAS + two foliar sprays of Tebuconazole 25.9% EC @ 1.0 ml l−1 starting from initiation of diseases and second spray at 15 days intervals was found most effective and economically beneficial treatment module in controlling of collar rot and early leaf spot diseases of groundnut.


Aspergillus niger Cercospora arachidicola Bioagents Fungicides Disease management Yield Groundnut 



The authors are grateful to the nodal officer in-charge, ICAR-AICRP project on groundnut and in-charge, ARSS, Hanumangarh for providing the support to undertake the investigation.


  1. Anonymous (2015a) Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous (2015b) India estimated groundnut output down 24 per cent in 2014–2015. Business Standard Reporter, AhmedabadGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (2015c) Directorate of Agriculture, Crop-wise area, production, productivity in Rajasthan, Statistical Department of RajasthanGoogle Scholar
  4. Aycock R (1966) Stem rots and other disease caused by Sclerotium rolfsii, North Carolina, Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin, no. 174, p 202Google Scholar
  5. Bakhetia DRC (1983) Control of white grub (Holotrichia consenguinea) and collar rot (Aspergillus niger) of groundnut sown in different dates in Punjab. Indian J Agric Sci 53:846–850Google Scholar
  6. Blakeman JP, Fokkema NJ (1982) Potential for biological control of plant diseases on the phylloplane. Ann Rev Phytopathol 20:167–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Couillerot O, Prigent-Combaret C, Caballero-Mellado J, Moenne-Loccoz Y (2008) Pseudomonas fluorescens and closely-related fluorescent pseudomonads as biocontrol agents of soil-borne phytopathogens. Lett App Microb 48:505–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. D’Souza A, Roy JK, Mahanty B, Dasgupta B (2001) Screening of Trichoderma harzianum against major fungal pathogens of betelvine. Indian Phytopathol 54:340–345Google Scholar
  9. Debele S, Ayalew A (2015) Integrated management of Crecospora leaf spot of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) through host resistance and fungicides in Eastern Ethopia. Afr J Plant Sci 9:82–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Faujdar S, Oswalt DL (1992) Major diseases of groundnut. Skill Development Series no. 6. Technical report, ICRISAT, Patancheru, A. P., India, p 8Google Scholar
  11. Gajera H, Rakholiya K, Vakharia D (2011) Bioefficacy of Trichoderma isolates against Aspergillus niger Van Tieghem inciting collar rot in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). J Plant Prot Res 51:240–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gangopadhyay S, Bhatia JN, Godara SL (1996) Evaluation of fungicides for the control of collar rot of groundnut. J Mycol Plant Pathol 26:278–279Google Scholar
  13. Grichar WJ, Jaks AJ, Woodward J (2010) Using prothioconazole plus tebuconazole for foliar and soilborne disease control in Texas peanut. Crop Manag. Google Scholar
  14. Gurjar RBS, Bansal RK, Gupta RBL (2003) Effect of soil amendments on collar rot of chilli caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. J Mycol Plant Pathol 33:482Google Scholar
  15. Hagan AK, Campbell HL, Bowen KL, Wells L, Goodman R (2010) Managing early leaf spot and stem rot with reduced fungicide inputs on disease-resistant peanut cultivars. Peanut Sci 37:129–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hasan MM, Islam MR, Hossain I, Shirin K (2014) Biological control of leaf spot of groundnut. J Biosci Agric Res 1(2):66–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hashim MS, Devi KS (2003) Insecticidal action of the polyphenolic rich fraction from the stem barks of Sterlus asper on Dysdercus cingulatus. Fitoterapia 74:670–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khan MA, Gangopadhyay S (2008) Efficacy of Pseudomonas fluorescence in controlling roort rot of chick pea caused by Macrophomina phaseolina. J Mycol Plant Pathol 38:580–587Google Scholar
  19. Kishore GK, Pande S, Podile AR (2005) Biological control of collar rot disease with broad-spectrum antifungal bacteria associated with groundnut. Can J Microbiol 51:123–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Latha P (2013) Efficacy of biocontrol agents and organic amendment against collar rot disease in groundnut. J Mycol Plant Pathol 43:461–465Google Scholar
  21. Lukose CM, Moradia AM, Kunadia BA (2008) Diseases of groundnut in Gujarat and their management. Published Research Scientist (Groundnut). Main Oilseeds Research Station. Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, pp 1–16Google Scholar
  22. Manjula K, Kishore KG, Girish AG, Singh SD (2004) Combined application of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma viride has an improved biocontrol activity against stem rot in groundnut. Plant Pathol J 20:75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mathivanan N, Srinivasan K, Chelliah S (2000) Field evaluation of Trichoderma viride Pers. ex. S. F. Gray and Pseudomonas fluorescens Migula against foliar diseases of groundnut and sunflower. J Biol Cont 14:31–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McDonald D, Subrahmanyam P, Gibbons RW, Smith DH (1985) Early and late leaf spots of groundnut. Information Bulletin no. 21. ICRISAT, PatancheruGoogle Scholar
  25. Nath BC, Singh JP, Srivastava S, Singh RB (2013) Management of late leaf spot of groundnut by different fungicides and their impact on yield. Plant Pathol J 12:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nutsugah SK, Abudulai M, Oti-Boateng C, Brandenburg RL, Jordan DL (2007) Management of leaf spot diseases of peanut with fungicides and local detergents in Ghana. Plant Pathol J 6:248–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Papavizas GC (1985) Trichoderma and Gliocladium their biology, ecology and potential of biocontrol. Ann Rev Phytopathol 23:23–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Parakhia AM, Akbari LF (2004) Field evaluation of Trichoderma harzianum against stem rot (Sclerotium rolfsii) of groundnut. J Mycol Plant Pathol 34:288Google Scholar
  29. Rakholiya KB, Jadeja KB, Parakhia AM (2012) Management of collar rot of groundnut through seed treatment. Int J Life Sci Pharm Res 2:63–66Google Scholar
  30. Rao SKT, Sitaraiah K (2000) Management of collar rot disease (Aspergillus niger) in groundnut with Trichoderma spp. J Mycol Plant Pathol 30:221–224Google Scholar
  31. Rathnakumar AL, Singh R, Parmar DL, Misra JB (2013) Groundnut: a crop profile and compendium of varieties notified in India. Art India Press, GujaratGoogle Scholar
  32. Rohtas R, Saharan HS, Rathi AS (2016) Management of collar rot of groundnut with bio-agent, botanicals and chemicals. Biosci Biotech Res. Asia 3:1657–1663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharma P, Saini MK, Deep S, Kumar V (2012) Biological control of groundnut root rot in farmer’s field. J Agric Sci 4:48–59Google Scholar
  34. Smith DT, Black MC, Grichar WJ, Jaks AJ (2000) Economic assessment and fungicide use on peanut seed in the southwestern united states. Peanut Sci 27:39-39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Subrahmanyam P, McDonald D, Waliyar F, Reddy LJ, Nigam SN, Gibbons RW, Rao VR, Singh AK, Pande S, Reddy PM, Rao PVS (1995) Screening methods and source of resistance to rust and late leaf spot of groundnut. Information Bulletin No. 47, Technical report, ICRISAT, Patancheru, A.P., IndiaGoogle Scholar
  36. Wiess EA (2000) Oilseed crops. Blackwell Science, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Phytopathological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Data Ram Kumhar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashok Kumar Meena
    • 1
  • Prabhu Narayan Meena
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology, College of AgricultureSwami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural UniversityBikanerIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied FibresKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations