English Teaching & Learning

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 65–83 | Cite as

The Application of Translanguaging in an English for Specific Purposes Writing Course

  • Fay Chen
  • Shu-Chiao Tsai
  • Wenli TsouEmail author
Original Paper


The current study examines how translanguaging contributes to college students’ English for Specific Purposes (ESP) writing in Taiwan, and how students’ multiple linguistic resources, including home languages, target language, and online tools, are utilized to produce quality writing. In this study, college students, aided by online translation software, underwent a translingual writing process that involved tasks from drafting in Chinese, drafting in English, online translation, to revision. The text was then analyzed with an assessment rubric to identify areas of improvement. Comparison of text indicates that translanguaging is shown to have synergistically helped students leverage their multiple linguistic resources to convey more information, express more ideas, while achieving a wider use of general, academic, and idea words. Analysis of the translanguaging writing process also indicates that students engaged in more writing steps, from pre-writing, reproducing, online translation, editing, to revising. Implications from the study indicate multiple benefits from creating a learning environment where translanguaging are encouraged.


Translanguaging ESP writing L2 writing Higher education Online translation 



本研究探討跨語言實踐對台灣大學生專業英文 (ESP) 寫作的影響, 以及學生如何利用多種語言資源 (包括母語、目標語言、線上工具) 來提 升寫作品質。在這項研究中, 大學生在線上翻譯軟體的幫助下, 進行了跨語言實踐寫作。過程包括中文寫作、英文寫作、線上翻譯、英文稿修 訂等任務。研究人員將學生完成的作文進行評估。結果顯示, 跨語言實踐有助於學生利用多種語言資源來傳達信, 表達更深入想法, 同時更 廣泛地使用一般、學術和專業詞語。本研究結果也顯示, 學生在跨語言實踐的寫作過程中能執行更多的寫作任務, 包括進行預先寫作、轉譯、線上翻譯、編輯到修改等步驟。由此可見, 跨語言實踐的學習環境可為學生的專業英文寫作帶來多重好處。


跨語言實踐 專業英文寫作 第二語言寫作 高等教育 線上翻譯 



The authors would like to thank the participants of the study, the financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, and the three anonymous reviewers for their careful reading and constructive suggestions.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© National Taiwan Normal University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  2. 2.National Kaohsiung University of Science and TechnologyKaohsiungTaiwan

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