Teacher Development or Teacher Training? An Exploration of Issues Reflected on by CELTA Candidates
The current study aimed to investigate whether the intensive Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (CELTA), which certifies teachers of English as a Foreign Language (EFL), is better viewed as a teacher development or a teacher training course. Qualitative content analysis was carried out on the written reflective assignments of CELTA course participants on several courses where the researcher worked as a tutor. The data was subsequently triangulated using semi-structured qualitative interviews. From these data, four main themes emerged as significant: Teacher Learning, General Pedagogic Knowledge, Teaching Skills and Teaching Language, and the Learner Element. A closer analysis of the categories within these themes reveals a tension between a view of teacher development as “training” and a view of teacher development as “education”. To ensure that the course places a greater emphasis on teacher development, CELTA tutors can encourage less focus on the teaching techniques acquired during the course and more focus on the appropriacy of such techniques with particular classes and in certain contexts by redesigning the reflective prompts which form the basis of the written reflection assignment on the course, and by modelling reflective practice throughout the course.
KeywordsCELTA Reflection Reflective teaching Teacher development Teacher education Teacher training
關鍵詞教導說他國語言者的英語教學能力證照 反思 反思教學 教師發展 教師教育 教師培訓
Many thanks to all my research participants, who have all embarked on their own reflective journeys in different contexts and settings, without whom this research would not have been possible. I would like to express thanks to Helen Donaghue for feedback on a draft version of this paper, and her continued support. I would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers whose comments significantly improved this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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