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Radiation effects on the performance of flexible perovskite solar cells for space applications


Solar cells for space applications are required to be tolerant to harsh environmental conditions. Especially, tolerance against radiation and charged particles is mandatory. Here we study the effect of low-energy (<< 1 MeV) proton radiation to evaluate the radiation tolerance of flexible perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Low-energy protons are more likely to be stopped in the shallower regions of solar cells, thereby causing greater performance degradation than high-energy protons. Flexible PSCs with layer sequence PET/ITO/PEDOT:PSS/perovskite/PCBM/BCP/metal were fabricated and were irradiated with 100 keV protons (fluence from ~ 3 × 1010 to ~ 3 × 1012 protons/cm2, equating several years in space). Flexible PSCs exhibited a good radiation tolerance and did not show color center formation, revealing their outstanding resistance against low-energy proton radiation. This can be credited to the combined effect of intrinsically large carrier diffusion length exceeding the thin absorber film thickness and the defect tolerance of perovskite crystals.

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We are grateful to Wroclaw Technology Park for their support.


Project co-financed from European Regional Development Fund within the Smart Growth Operational Program under Priority I: Support for conducting R&D works by enterprises, Submeasure 1.1.1, “Fast track” SMEs. The program implementing agency is the National Centre for Research and Development (grant agreement no. POIR.01.01.01-00-0090/15-00).

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Olga Malinkiewicz and Mitsuru Imaizumi developed the concept and all authors contributed to the experimental work as well as writing of this manuscript.

Correspondence to Olga Malinkiewicz.

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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Malinkiewicz, O., Imaizumi, M., Sapkota, S.B. et al. Radiation effects on the performance of flexible perovskite solar cells for space applications. emergent mater. (2020).

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