Journal of Iron and Steel Research International

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 1228–1239 | Cite as

Microstructural evolution and constitutive models of 9CrMoCoB heat-resistant steel during high-temperature deformation

  • Chao-hang Jia
  • Chen-xi LiuEmail author
  • Yong-chang LiuEmail author
  • Chong Li
  • Hui-jun Li
Original Paper


In order to research the hot deformation behavior of 9CrMoCoB heat-resistant steel, hot compression tests were performed over a wide range of temperatures from 850 to 1150 °C and strain rates from 0.01 to 10.00 s−1. The flow stress appears to increase with the decrease in deformation temperature and the increase in strain rate. The relationship between microstructural evolution and deformation parameters was studied, indicating that both low strain rate and high deformation temperature appear to promote the dynamic recrystallization, while excessively high temperature with low strain rate would result in the high non-uniformity of grain size. The experimental stress–strain data was applied to calculate the material constants involved in the Arrhenius-type constitutive model and the modified Zerilli-Armstrong (MZA) model, and feasibility of these two models was evaluated. The results show that the MZA model is more accurate to predict the high-temperature flow behavior of the experimental steel than the Arrhenius-type constitutive equation.


9CrMoCoB steel Hot deformation behavior Dynamic recrystallization Arrhenius-type constitutive model Modified Zerilli-Armstrong model 



The authors are grateful to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Granted Nos. 51474156 and U1660201) and the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Energy Research Project (Granted No. 2015GB119001) for grant and financial support.


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Lab of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin UniversityTianjinChina

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