Microstructure and mechanical properties of nanobainitic steel subjected to multiple isothermal heat treatments
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Nanostructured bainite in 62MnSiCr steel was prepared by two-stage transformation process at different temperatures for less than 2 h. Microstructures, phase distribution and mechanical properties of the obtained steel were investigated. The results showed that the thickness of bainite plate and the amount of retained austenite decreased obviously after the two-stage transformation, while the carbon concentration in the retained austenite showed a small change. With increase in the second holding temperature within the bainite transformation range, all of them increased slightly. The additional formation of bainite at the second transformation stage is beneficial to refining the austenite and further enriching it with carbon, resulting in the enhancement of the mechanical stability. Bainite transformed in two-stage process showed a better comprehensive performance. Absorbed impact energy of 88 J and an ultimate tensile strength of 1818 MPa have been achieved by isothermal heat treatment at 300 °C followed by 260 °C. Meanwhile, there was a slight change in mechanical properties when the second transformation temperature varied from 260 to 220 °C.
KeywordsNanostructured bainite Heat treatment Microstructure Mechanical property
This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province of China under Grant Nos. QN2015259, E2016202121 and BJ2017009.
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