Journal of Hydrodynamics

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1105–1119 | Cite as

Numerical investigation of velocity ratio effect in combined wall and offset jet flows

  • Nidhal HnaienEmail author
  • Salwa Marzouk
  • Habib Ben Aissia
  • Jacques Jay


In the present work, we propose to numerically study a combined turbulent wall and offset jet flow (this combination will be denoted WOJ). Several turbulence models were tested in this study: the standard k - ω, SST k - ω, standard k - ε, RNG, and realizable k - ε model. A parametric study was performed to determine the effect of offset ratio H and the velocity ratio r on the longitudinal and transverse positions of the merge point (MP), the combined point (CP), the upper vortex center (UVC) and the lower vortex center (LVC). Correlations that predict the position of these characteristic points of the WOJ flow as a function of H and r have been provided. Results show that any increase in the velocity ratio causes a displacement of the MP, CP, UVC and LVC further upstream along the longitudinal direction. Concerning the transverse positions, the increase of velocity ratio results in a deviation of the merge point (MP) and the lower vortex center (LVC) toward the strong jet (LWJ) whereas the transverse position of combined point (CP) and the upper vortex center (UVC) is almost independent of the velocity ratio.

Key words

Finite volume combined point merge point offset jet velocity ratio 


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The helpful comments and suggestions of the reviewers are gratefully acknowledged by the authors.


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Copyright information

© China Ship Scientific Research Center 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nidhal Hnaien
    • 1
    Email author
  • Salwa Marzouk
    • 1
  • Habib Ben Aissia
    • 1
  • Jacques Jay
    • 2
  1. 1.Unité de Métrologie et des systèmes énergétiquesEcole National d’ingénieurs de MonastirMonastirTunisie
  2. 2.Centre de Thermique de Lyon (CETHIL–UMR CNRS 5008)INSA de LyonLyonFrance

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