Dominant factor and incremental depth formula for self-aerated flow in open channel
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The presence of air in open channel flows will increase the bulk of the flow, and is of great importance in the design of spillway and chute sidewalls. Hydraulics in the developed region is investigated in this paper systematically by a series of model and prototype investigations. It is verified that the velocity in the aeration region is the dominant factor. For the flow with an identical velocity but a different flow depth, the air concentration distributions are nearly the same. From the theory based on the formation of drops on the surface by the turbulent liquid jets and the vortex deformation, a formula to calculate the incremental depth is obtained by best correlating the model and prototype investigations. The formula is reasonable with less mean error than those obtained by other methods, which could recommended for the use in engineering designs.
Key wordsAerated flow aeration incremental depth unaerated black water aeration flow depth
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