Journal of Bionic Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 769–793 | Cite as

Fabrications and Applications of Slippery Liquid-infused Porous Surfaces Inspired from Nature: A Review

  • Chaowei Huang
  • Zhiguang GuoEmail author


The slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces inspired by the microstructure of carnivorous nepenthes have aroused widespread attention, which show stable liquid repellency, glorious self-repairing powers and effective anti-fouling properties. The surfaces are manufactured via the infusion of lubricant oil into porous structures, a process which allows other fluids to slide off the interfaces readily. However, the practical applications of slippery liquid-infused surfaces are limited to the complicated preparation processes and poor oil lock ability. We aim to, in this review, present the fundamental theories of the slippery liquid-infused porous surface. Some typical natural examples are clarified while representative fabricating methods such as liquid flame spray, layer-by-layer assembly, lithography and so on are listed. The slippery surface can facilitate the manufacture of transparent and multi-functional slippery materials by means of straightforward procedures. The slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces were applied in hot water repellency, anti-fouling, ice-phobic, water condensation, control of underwater bubble transport and drag reduction. This article discusses all these issues along with emerging applications as well as future challenges.


micro/nanoscale structure liquid-infused slippery liquid repellency low hysterisis 


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This work is supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NO 51675513 and 51735013).


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Copyright information

© Jilin University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Centre for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional MaterialsHubei UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina

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