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Hybrid Laser Ablation and Chemical Modification for Fast Fabrication of Bio-inspired Super-hydrophobic Surface with Excellent Self-cleaning, Stability and Corrosion Resistance

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Abstract

Although laser ablation is considered as a facile technique to fabricate bio-inspired super-hydrophobic surfaces, the issue is that the initial laser treated metallic surfaces show super-hydrophilic property. It will take a long period to reach super-hydrophobic state under ambient air. It is reported that these super-hydrophobic surfaces could be easily damaged by thermal heating effect or interaction with other liquids, causing uncontrolled loss of super-hydrophobicity. In this study, a stable super-hydrophobic aluminum surface was rapidly fabricated via the hybrid laser ablation and surface chemical modification of (heptadecafluoro-1, 1, 2, 2-tetradecyl) triethoxysilane (AC-FAS). Surface morphology and chemistry were systematically investigated to explore the generation mechanism of super-hydrophobicity. The water contact angle of the treated surfaces can reach up to 160.6° ± 1.5° with rolling angle of 3.0° ± 1.0°, exhibiting perfect self-cleaning capability, long-term stability, and excellent chemical stability in acidic as well as alkaline solutions. The potentiodynamic polarization tests implied that the super-hydrophobic surfaces showed better anti-corrosion performance. This hybrid laser ablation and surface chemical modification are very time-saving and low-cost, which offers a rapid way for quantity production of super-hydrophobic surface on aluminum material.

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Acknowledgement

This work received funding supports from Program of International S&T Cooperation (No. 2016YFE0112100), National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB1104700), H2020 Project (FabSurfWAR-644971) and National Natural Science Foundations of China (Nos. 51675371, 51675376 and 51675367). The authors gratefully acknowledge Professor Zuobin Wang in Changchun University of Science and Technology for the technical supports. Z. Yang also acknowledges the financial support from China Scholarship Council (CSC).

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Correspondence to Yanling Tian.

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Yang, Z., Liu, X. & Tian, Y. Hybrid Laser Ablation and Chemical Modification for Fast Fabrication of Bio-inspired Super-hydrophobic Surface with Excellent Self-cleaning, Stability and Corrosion Resistance. J Bionic Eng 16, 13–26 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-019-0002-y

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Keywords

  • bioinspiration
  • nanosecond laser
  • super-hydrophobic
  • chemical stability
  • corrosion resistance
  • self-cleaning
  • long-term stability