Partial characterization of a divergent isolate of pokeweed mosaic virus from Mississippi
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An isolate of pokeweed mosaic virus (PkMV), referred to as MSFR03, collected from southwestern Mississippi was partially characterized biologically and molecularly. The virus induced pinwheel-like inclusions in infected cells of its natural host (Phytolacca americana L.) and was mechanically transmitted to Chenopodium quinoa, provoking localized infections. The viral genome is 9516 nt in size, excluding the 3′-terminal poly(A) tail, and contains a large ORF encoding a 3056 amino acids long polyprotein and a small overlapping PIPO ORF. Phylogenetic analyses of the whole polyprotein grouped PkMV with turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), potato virus A (PVA) and related potyviruses. Pairwise sequence comparisons showed that PkMV-MSFR03 is a distinct molecular variant of the virus, differing by more than 15% in nucleotide sequences with any of the four previously sequenced isolates from Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey and Arkansas. Our data suggest that the PkMV population in the United States is genetically more diverse than previously known.
KeywordsPokeweed Mosaic disease Virus Potyvirus Mississippi
This publication is a contribution of the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. This material is based upon work that is supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Hatch project under accession number 226229.
This study was partially funded by Strategic Research Initiative of MAFES-MSU.
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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