Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 320–331 | Cite as

Understanding piezoelectric characteristics of PHEMA-based hydrogel nanocomposites as soft self-powered electronics

  • Weiwei Zhao
  • Zhijun Shi
  • Sanming Hu
  • Guang YangEmail author
  • Huifang TianEmail author
Original Research


Piezoelectric hydrogel nanocomposites are being developed as interface for connecting biological organs and electronics because of their flexibility, biocompatibility, and electromechanical behaviours, which allow environmental stimulations to be converted into electronic signals. The vision of this work is to develop a series of piezoelectric hydrogel nanocomposites which is capable of generating electric current in aqueous condition. Conductive nanoparticles have been composited in the PHEMA-based hydrogel. Theoretical models and characterisations on the electromechanical properties of such hydrogel have been investigated to assist the understanding of the piezoelectric mechanisms. The hydrogel nanocomposite was demonstrated as a self-powered motion sensor to quantitatively detect human motion and can be considered as candidate material for soft energy harvesting electronics. Overall, the work presented in this paper provides theoretical basis, design guidelines, and technical support for the development of soft self-powered electronics, thus unlocking the potential of piezoelectric hydrogel nanocomposites.

Graphical abstract


Piezoelectricity PHEMA-based hydrogel Nanocomposites Self-powered sensor 



The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51703176, 51603079), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (WUT2017IVA015, HUST2014XJGH009, WUT2016III035), and the Science and Technology Support Plan in Jiangsu Province of China (BE2014684). The authors wish to thank the Hubei Digital Manufacturing Key Laboratory at the WUT for performing characterisation of various samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

42114_2018_36_MOESM1_ESM.docx (807 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 806 kb)

(MP4 550 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Digital Manufacturing Key LaboratoryWuhanChina
  3. 3.College of Life Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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