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A review of the water–energy–food nexus measurement and management approach

  • F. M. Tashtoush
  • W. K. Al-Zubari
  • A. ShahEmail author
Review Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

Water, energy, and food are the fundamental resources for improving living conditions and sustainable development. Because substantial interdependencies and relationships exist among these three sectors, the word nexus between water–energy–food is being used to indicate the importance of managing them together and not in isolation. This paper reviews and analyzes the current status of water–energy–food nexus approach, which has attracted widespread attention in the past few years, with the aim to understand the nexus thinking and illustrate the methods and tools used in the nexus analysis. This is expected to help the policy makers and researchers to be better informed about the options for sustainable securing and managing these three resources. In addition, such integration between these three sectors will significantly help in achieving the goals of sustainable development, since the water–energy–food nexus is directly related to three goals 2, 6, and 7, which are, respectively, related to ensuring access to food, water, and sustainable energy for all.

Keywords

Sustainable development Sustainability Nexus Food, water, and energy security Resource efficiency 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank all who assisted in conducting this work.

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© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environment and Sustainable Development, College of ScienceUniversity of BahrainSakhirKingdom of Bahrain
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resources and Environment, College of Graduate StudiesArabian Gulf UniversityManamaKingdom of Bahrain
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceUniversity of BahrainSakhirKingdom of Bahrain

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