Advertisement

Asian Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 437–442 | Cite as

Potential alkali silica reactivity of aggregates from different sources of Kashmir and mitigation measures thereof

  • Syed Kaiser BukhariEmail author
Original Paper
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

The present study envisages the potential alkali–silica reactivity; the most common form of alkali aggregate reaction of various aggregate sources of Kashmir and mitigation measures thereof using petrographic analysis and various designated ASTM codes. The chemical analysis was carried out for different aggregate samples possessing different lithology hence varied reactive nature. Comparatively some samples showed more reactive nature than others due to presence of higher reactive silica. The results show the innocuous nature of all aggregate samples according to ASTMC-289 standard curve. The study reveals that addition of Fly ash reduced the elongation of bars resulted due to alkali silica reactivity of the aggregates and hence should be widely used as a mitigation measure to overcome the alkali reactive nature of the aggregates in the region.

Keywords

Kashmir Potential alkali silica reactivity (ASR) ASTM codes Innocuous Mitigation measure 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. ASTM. ASTM C 1260-94. (1999). Standard test method for potential alkali reactivity aggregate (mortar.-bar method). Annual Book of ASTM Standards (p. 156462). West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing Materials.Google Scholar
  2. ASTM., ASTM C 289–9, (1999). Standard test method for potential alkali reactivity of aggregate (chemical method). Annual Book of ASTM Standards (p. 156462). West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing Materials.Google Scholar
  3. Barkavi, T., & Natarajan, C. (2018). Knowledge-based decision support system for identification of crack causes in concrete buildings Asian. Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(2), 111–120.Google Scholar
  4. Castro, N., & Wigum, B. J. (2012). Assessment of the potential alkali-reactivity of aggregates for concrete by image analysis petrography. Cement and Concrete Research, 42(12), 1635–1644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dent-Glasser, L. S., & Kataoka, N. (1981). The chemistry of alkali-aggregate. Cement and Concrete Research, 11(1), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dent-Glasser, L. S., & Kataoka, N. (1982). On the role of calcium in the alkali_aggregate reaction. Cement and Concrete Research, 12(3), 321–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diamond, S. (1981). Effect of two Danish fly ashes on alkali contents of pore solutions of cement-fly ash pastes. Cement and Concrete Research, 11(3), 383–394.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Farny, J., & Kerkhoff, B. (2007). Diagnosis and control of alkali-aggregate reactions in concrete, IS413. Skokie, IL: Portland Cement Association.Google Scholar
  9. Guru Jawahar, J., Yakshareddy, B., Sashidhar, C., SreenivasuluI, C., & Ramana, Reddy V. (2018). Evolution of 112-day drying shrinkage equation of fly ash blended self-compacting concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(6), 703–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Heidari, A., Hashempour, M., Javdanian, H., & Karimian, M. (2018). Investigation of mechanical properties of mortar with mixed recycled aggregates. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(5), 583–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hobbs, D. W. (1988). Alkali-silica reaction in concrete. London: Thomas Telford.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanthe, V. N., Deo, S. V., & Murmu, M. (2018). Effect of fly ash and rice husk ash on strength and durability of binary and ternary blend cement mortar. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19(8), 963–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kurihara, T., & Katawaki, K. (1989). Effect of moisture control and inhibition on alkali-silica reaction. In Proclamation, 8th international conference on alkali aggregate reaction in concrete, Kyoto, Japan (pp. 629–634).Google Scholar
  14. Larive, C., Laplaud, A., & Coussy, O. (2000). The role of water in alkali-silica reaction. In Proclamation, 11th international conference on alkali -aggregate reaction in concrete, Quebec City (pp. 61–69).Google Scholar
  15. Oberholster, R.E. (1992). The effect of different outdoor exposure conditions on the expansion due to alkali-silica reaction. In Proclamation, 9th international conference on alkali aggregate reaction in concrete, Slough (pp. 623–628).Google Scholar
  16. Olafsson, H. (1986). The effect of relative humidity and temperature on alkali expansion of mortar bars. In: Proclamation, 7th international conference on alkali aggregate reaction in concrete, Ottawa (pp. 461–465).Google Scholar
  17. Poulsen, E., Hansen, T., & Sorensen, H. (2000). Release of alkalies from feldspar in concrete and mortar. In Proclamation, 5th international conference on durability of concrete, Barcelona (pp. 807–824).Google Scholar
  18. Shehata, M. H., Thomas, M. D. A., & Bleszynski, R. F. (1999). The effect of fly ash composition on the chemistry of pore solution in hydrated cement paste. Cement and Concrete Research, 29(12), 1915–1920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shon, S., & Zollinger, D. G. (2004). Testing the effectiveness of class c and class f fly ash in controlling expansion due to alkali-silica reaction using modified ASTM C 1260 test method. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 16(1), 20–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Stanton, T. E. (1940). Expansion of concrete through reaction between cement and aggregate. Proclamation, American Society of Civil Engineering, 66, 1781–1811.Google Scholar
  21. Stark, D., & Bhariy, M. S. Y. (1986). Alkali-silica reactivity: Effect of alkali on aggregate expansion in alkalies in concrete, ASTM STP 930 (pp. 16–30). Philadelphia, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials.Google Scholar
  22. Steffens, A., Li, K., & Coussy, O. (2003). Aging approach to water effect on alkali-silica reaction degradation of structures. Journal of Engineering Mechanics of Materials, 129, 50–59.Google Scholar
  23. Sims, I., & Nixon, P. J. (2003). RILEM recommended test method AAR-0: detection of alkali-reactivity potential in concrete - outline guide to the use of RILEM methods in assessments of aggregates for potential alkali-reactivity. Materials and Structures, 36, 472–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologySrinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations