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Improving the properties of waste plastic lightweight aggregates-based composite mortars in an experimental saline environment

  • M. T. Gouasmi
  • A. S. Benosman
  • H. Taïbi
Original Paper
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

The present work aims to highlight the use of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic waste for the conception of a new PET-siliceous sand composite material (WPLA) to be used, after heat treatment, as a light aggregate in various screed mortars. This composite is intended to be employed as a substitute for conventional aggregate at the rates of 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% by weight. Reinforcement corrosion, caused by the attack of chloride ions, is the main reason for the deterioration of reinforced concrete structures around the world. To determine the effects of waste PET as a lightweight aggregate (WPLA), five WPLAX composite mortar formulations were immersed into a 5% NaCl solution. The mechanical strength, absorption of water by capillary suction, and chlorine ion penetration into mortars were all studied. Additional information on the microstructure of the materials was also collected. The results obtained indicated a decrease in the compressive strength of WPLAX. Moreover, Fick’s second law made it possible to observe a decrease in the penetration of chlorine ions, ranging from 40 to 90% in WPLAX mortars as the replacement ratio increased. Likewise, it was found that the sorptivity coefficients of WPLAX mortars decreased from 43 to 65% as compared to that of reference mortar. These encouraging results open up new prospects for using these composite materials as protective mortars for reinforced concrete structures. At the same time, it is one way of getting rid of these PET plastic wastes which represent a serious pollution form to the environment and a real threat to human health.

Keywords

Waste PET lightweight aggregate (WPLA) PET plastic waste Valorization Saline environment Diffusion of chlorine ions Sorptivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the financial contribution of the Ministry of Higher Education within the framework of the Algerian project CNEPRU B00L01UN310120130068, as well as the HASNAOUI Group of Companies, TEKNACHEM Algeria, and the late Ahmed Taleb. We would like also to extend our deepest thanks to Professor M. MOULI, team leader at the LABMAT laboratory at ENP-Oran Maurice Audin, as well as to Dr. Y. SENHADJI and Dr. N. KAZI TANI.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Exact and Applied Sciences, Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry LCPUniversity of Oran 1, Ahmed BenbellaOranAlgeria
  2. 2.Higher School of Applied SciencesESSA-TlemcenTlemcenAlgeria
  3. 3.Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of LABMATENPO Maurice AudinOranAlgeria

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