Differential Responses of Seed Yield and Yield Components to Nutrient Deficiency Between Direct Sown and Transplanted Winter Oilseed Rape

  • Rihuan Cong
  • Yin Wang
  • Xiaokun Li
  • Tao Ren
  • Jianwei LuEmail author


Both transplanting and direct-sowing are the dominated methods for establishing winter oilseed rape in China. It is important to understand crop performances and responses to nutrient deficiency between transplanted oilseed rape (TOR) and direct sown oilseed rape (DOR). We estimated the effects of establishment methods (transplanting and direct-sowing) and nutrient deficiency (N, P, and K) on rapeseed yield, yield components, and nutrient uptake from 32 site-years field experiments. We found that DOR plants produced lower seed yield, dry matter, and harvest index than TOR plants. The population density in DOR was higher with poor individual growth as reflected by significantly reduced branches, pods, and seeds pod−1. Thus, DOR plants were more sensitive to nutrient deficiency and would lose more yield under nutrient omission conditions. TOR and DOR yields significantly correlated with all yield components except for 1000-seed weight. Pod number plant−1 showed the strongest direct effect on TOR yield. However, population density and pod number plant−1 exhibited highest direct effect on DOR yield. The uptakes and harvest indexes of N and P were higher for TOR, while the DOR plots received higher K uptake and harvest index of K. DOR was more sensitive to nutrient deficiency and its nutrient management should be paid more attention.


Oilseed rape Establishment method Nutrient efficiency Yield components Nutrient uptake 



Direct sown winter oilseed rape


Transplanted winter oilseed rape


Dry matter harvest index


Yangtze River Basin



This study was supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0200908), the Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-12), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2662017JC010), and International Plant Nutrition Institute Co-operation Program (Hubei-35). We are grateful to Yanhong Lu, Yongchun Zhang, Lina Jiang, Fusheng Yuan, and Ji Wu for their excellent supports in conducting the on-farm experiments. There is no conflict of interest in the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rihuan Cong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yin Wang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xiaokun Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tao Ren
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianwei Lu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation (Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River)Ministry of Agriculture and Rural AffairsWuhanChina
  3. 3.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunChina

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