, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 287–291 | Cite as

The thyroid gland in ancient Greece: a historical perspective

  • Sevasti KonstantinidouEmail author
  • Eirini KonstantinidouEmail author
Historical Note


Thyroidology is a discipline of Endocrinology which has evolved markedly over the past few decades. However, its historical roots can be seen in the literature of, among others, ancient Greek medicine. In the present article, we present the descriptions of the thyroid gland by ancient Greek physicians and its depiction in ancient Greek art.


Thyroid Endocrinology History Ancient Greece Hippocrates Galen Goitre 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Hellenic Endocrine Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyAntrim Area HospitalAntrimUK
  2. 2.Medical SchoolAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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