Hand grip strength measurement in different epidemiologic studies using various methods for diagnosis of sarcopenia: a systematic review
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The purpose of this systematic review was to compare various methods for measuring hand grip strength to provide data for the development of a standardized protocol for such a measurement based on epidemiologic studies of sarcopenia in older population.
Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using 34 available epidemiologic studies.
The choice of hand dynamometer and measurement protocols for measuring hand grip strength was not consistent among studies. Mean values of hand grip strength in older population were also different by study area (Europe, America, and Asia) and gender.
This systematic review demonstrated that various grip strength measurement methods were used in different epidemiologic studies. A standardized method is needed to enable more consistent measurement of grip strength and better assessment of sarcopenia.
KeywordsOlder people Hand grip Sarcopenia Standardized measurement Systemic review
American Society of Hand Therapists
Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia
European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People
International Working Group on Sarcopenia
International Classification of Diseases
Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
This research was supported by a grant (HC15C1189) of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI) funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea.
The study was conceived and funding was obtained by Y-CH. All authors contributed to data collection, data management, and the development of the study protocol. The manuscript was drafted by J-IY and Y-CH. All authors finalized, provided critical review, and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent to participate
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