Aerosol Science and Engineering

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 130–140 | Cite as

Emission Characteristics of PM2.5 and Trace Gases from Household Wood Burning in Guanzhong Plain, Northwest China

  • Yong Zhang
  • Jie Tian
  • Zhenxing Shen
  • Wenjie Wang
  • Haiyan Ni
  • Suixin Liu
  • Junji CaoEmail author
Original Paper


Considering woods used as the primary fuel in the countryside of Guanzhong Plain and its emission impacts on environment and human health. Five kinds of common wood fuels (Persimmon tree, Pear tree, Apple tree, Jujube, and Peach) were collected and burned in a laboratory combustion chamber with a common stove to identify emission characteristics of PM2.5 and trace gases (i.e., CO2, CO, NOx, and SO2). The average EFs of wood burning were estimated to be 1401 ± 71 g kg−1 for CO2, 53.48 ± 11.83 g kg−1 for CO, 1.48 ± 0.54 g kg−1 for NOx, 0.53 ± 0.19 g kg−1 for SO2, and 3.01 ± 0.72 g kg−1 for PM2.5, respectively. PM2.5 mass reconstruction for the five tree samples demonstrated excellent results, ranged from 80.7 to 98.4%. OC, EC, and water-soluble ions (sum of Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42−, NO3, and Cl) are major constituents of PM2.5, accounting for average abundance of 29.86 ± 2.03, 15.65 ± 1.07, and 17.51 ± 6.24% of the mass, respectively. The average EFs of OC and EC in PM2.5 were 910 ± 279 mg kg−1 and 465 ± 279 mg kg−1, and EC1 was the dominant carbon fraction with average abundance of 44 ± 3% of total carbon. Sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), and chloride (Cl) were the dominant water-soluble ions, with average abundance of 4.69 ± 2.51, 3.81 ± 2.13, and 3.30 ± 2.45% of PM2.5 mass. Similarity measures (i.e., Student’s t test, coefficient of divergence) showed that the five profiles derived in this study were similar for the species measured, which indicates that those profiles could be replaced by each other for PM2.5 source apportionment. Finally, the emission of woods burning in Guanzhong Plain was estimated. The total emission in 2016 was 14,924.6 Gg for CO2, 569.9 Gg for CO, 15.8 Gg for NOx, 5.6 Gg for SO2, and 32.1 Gg for PM2.5, respectively.


Source profiles Emission factors PM2.5 Wood burning 



This work was jointly supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (2013FY112700) and the Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Supplementary material

41810_2018_30_MOESM1_ESM.docx (101 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 100 kb)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  5. 5.Institute of Global Environmental ChangeXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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