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Enhanced in vivo biocompatibility of magnesia-contained bioactive glasses

  • Sampath Kumar Arepalli
  • Himanshu Tripathi
  • Partha Pratim Manna
  • Paliwal Pankaj
  • Sairam Krishnamurthy
  • Shashikant C. U. Patne
  • Ram Pyare
  • S. P. Singh
Research

Abstract

Human blood compatibility of previously prepared magnesia-doped bioactive glass samples was evaluated by hemolysis assay. The in vivo evaluation was carried out using a rat model in which a hole was made in the rat femur bone by drilling and the bioactive glass samples were implanted in the cavity. Histological examination had demonstrated the better bone regeneration and blood vessel formation as compared to the reference one. The in vivo complete blood count (CBC) was also analyzed at different time periods. The in vivo results of magnesium-containing bioactive glasses had shown improved bioactivity as well as better biocompatibility.

Keywords

In vivo MgO bioactive glasses Rat model Blood compatibility Histology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Head, Department of Ceramic Engineering, IIT (BHU) and the honorable Director, IIT (BHU) Varanasi, India, for providing necessary facilities for the present research work. They are also very much thankful to the nodal officer of the GLP lab, National Facility for Tribal and Herbal Medicine (NFTHM), for conducting in vivo complete blood analysis.

Funding information

The author Dr. Sampath Kumar Arepalli is also very much grateful to the UGC, New Delhi, India (F.14-2(SC)/2010(SA-III)), for providing Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Approval of Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (protocol no. Dean/2016/CAEC/45) was accorded before the beginning of the experiment. All the experiments were performed as per the guidelines of laboratory animal care (National Research Council US Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals 2011) [9].

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Copyright information

© Australian Ceramic Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sampath Kumar Arepalli
    • 1
  • Himanshu Tripathi
    • 1
  • Partha Pratim Manna
    • 2
  • Paliwal Pankaj
    • 3
  • Sairam Krishnamurthy
    • 3
  • Shashikant C. U. Patne
    • 4
  • Ram Pyare
    • 1
  • S. P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ceramic Engineering, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Immunobiology Laboratory, Department of ZoologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Pharmaceutics, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Pathology, Institute of Medical ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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