Investigation of the usability of high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites containing high-volume fly ash and nanomaterials as repair mortar

  • Kenan TokluEmail author
  • Osman Şimşek
  • Hüseyin Yılmaz Aruntaş


High-performance fiber-reinforced cement composite (HPFRCC) mixtures containing high-volume fly ash and nanomaterials are investigated in this study. In order to determine high early strength and high connection performance between repair mortar produced with HPFRCC containing nanomaterials, high volume fly ash, and concrete which will be repaired, compressive strength, elasticity, and slant shear test were conducted on the samples. The experimental results showed that HPFRCC mixtures containing nanomaterials increased the strength on 1, 3, 7, 28, and 90 days in comparison to control mortars for compressive strength test. Also, the samples containing nanosilica gave the highest compressive strength in all mixtures. In addition, the samples containing nanosilica gave the best result for elasticity modulus, showing similarity to compressive strength test. For the bond strength, deformations were observed on the old concrete in the samples formed from HPFRCC mixtures and old concrete. Expected sloping surface sliding was not occurred.


Fly ash Nanomaterials Mechanical strength Slant shear Elasticity modulus 



This article was produced under the TUBITAK 1001 project (project number: 214 M 041) supported by TUBITAK. I would like to thank TUBITAK for the support.


  1. 1.
    Marlowe, I.: Emission factors programme task 4(b): review of cement sector pollution inventory, AET/ENV/R/1425/Issue 1 Report. Abingdon, Oxon, pp. 1–11 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boresi, A.P., Chong, K.P., Saigal, S.: Approximate Solution Methods in Engineering Mechanics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chong, K.P.: Smart Structures Research in the U.S. Proceedings of the NATO Adv. Res. Workshop on Smart Structures, pp. 37–44. Kluwer Academic Publ., Pultusk, Poland (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cilason, N., Aksoy, N.: Beton yapı hasarları onarım ve korunması ve sıcak iklimlerde beton, pp. 32–39. Lebib Yalkın Yay, İstanbul (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Emmons P., Vaysburd A.: Performance criteria for selection of repair materials, phase I. US Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, Technical Report REMR-CS-47. Visksburg, MS, pp. 7–14 (1995)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Morgan, D.R.: Compatibility of concrete repair materials and systems. Constr. Build. Mater. 10(1), 57–67 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wilson, T.P., Smith, K.L., Romine, A.R.: Materials and procedures for rapid repair of partial-depth spalls in concrete pavements. Federal Highway Administration Manuel of Practice, 135, Washington (1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, M., Li, V.C.: High-early-strength engineered cementitious composites for fast, durable concrete repair – material properties. ACI Mater. J. 108(1), 3–12 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Boresi, A.P., Chong, K.P., Saigal, S.: Approximate Solution Methods in Engineering Mechanics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pekmezci, B.Y., Atahan, H.N.: Kimyasal ve Nano Katkılar: Betonda Kullanımı ve Beton Performansına Etkileri. Hazır Beton Dergisi, pp. 69–82 (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Land, G., Stephan, D.: The influence of nano-silica on the hydration of ordinary Portland cement. J. Mater. Sci. 47, 1011–1017 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Land, G., Stephan, D.: Controlling cement hydration with nanoparticles. Cem. Concr. Compos. 57, 64–67 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Korpa, A., Kowald, T., Trettin R., Kota, T., Xhaxhiu, K., Mele, A.: Pyrogenic tiny particles for large contributions on the properties of advanced ultra high performance cement-based composites. 4th International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Construction, pp. 17–30 (2012)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Collerpardi, S., Borsoi, A., Olagot, J.J.O., Troli, R., Collerpardi, M., Curzio, A.Q.: Influence of nano-sized mineral additions on performance of SCC. Application of Nanotechnology in Concrete Design: Proceedings of the International Congress held at University of Dundee, pp. 55–66. Thomas Telford Publishing, Scotland (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chindaprasirt, P., Jaturapitakkul, C.H., Sinsiri, T.: Effect of fly fineness on compressive strength and pore size of blended cement paste. Cem. Concr. Compos. 27(4), 425–428 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hwang, K., Noguchi, T., Tomosawa, F.: Prediction model of compressive strength development of fly-ash concrete. Cem. Concr. Res. 34(12), 2269–2276 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Uddin, M.A., Jameel, M., Sobuz, H.R., Islam, M.S., Hasan, N.M.S.: Experimental study on strength gaining characteristics of concrete using Portland composite cement. KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 17(4), 789–796 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Toklu, K., Şimşek, O.: Investigation of mechanical properties of repair mortars containing high-volume fly ash and nanomaterials. J. Aust. Ceram. Soc. 54(2), 261–270 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    ASTM C230/C230M-14 Standard Specification for Flow Table for Use in Tests of Hydraulic Cement, ASTM International, West Conshohocken (2014).
  20. 20.
    ASTM C109/C109M-16a Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens), ASTM International, West Conshohocken (2016).
  21. 21.
    ASTM C882/C882M-13a Standard Test Method for Bond Strength of Epoxy-Resin Systems Used with Concrete by Slant Shear, ASTM International, West Conshohocken (2013).
  22. 22.
    Sahmaran, M., Yücel, H.E., Yildirim, G., Al-Emam, M., Lachemi, M.: Investigation of the bond between concrete substrate and ECC overlays. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 26(1), 167–174 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    ASTM C469/C469M-14 Standard Test Method for Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s Ratio of Concrete in Compression, ASTM International, West Conshohocken (2014).
  24. 24.
    Xu, S.L., Cai, X.R.: Experimental study and theoretical models on compressive properties of ultrahigh toughness cementitious composites. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 22(10), 1067–1077 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Australian Ceramic Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenan Toklu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Osman Şimşek
    • 1
  • Hüseyin Yılmaz Aruntaş
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Technology, Civil Engineering DepartmentGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations