Lightweight Design worldwide

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 24–29 | Cite as

Lightweight Design Concept for a Vacuum-tube Jet

  • Andreas Battenberg
  • Maximilian Springer
Construction Hyperloop Project

It took just half a year for the students at Technical University of Munich to build a prototype for the Hyperloop competition. They claim the hybrid lightweight design can achieve speeds of up to 350 km/h. A position-dependent prioritised weight optimisation strategy helped meet the challenges of the extremely short development time and a tight budget.

It normally takes around six hours to drive from San Francisco to Los Angeles — when traffic conditions are favourable. Flying is faster, but security screening and check-in as well as the journeys to and from airports eat up most of the time advantage.

Elon Musk, founder of PayPal, Tesla and SpaceX, has thus proposed using capsules, Figure 1, riding on an air cushion in reduced-pressure steel tubes at almost the speed of sound (up to 1220 km/h, Mach 0.91) as a fast and inexpensive alternative means of transport over medium distances (up to 1500 km). They would cover the route from San Francisco to Los Angeles in just over half an...


Lightweight Design Test Track Short Development Time Levitation System Friction Brake 
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  1. [1]
    Musk, E.: Alpha-Studie. Online:, access: 1 March 2017
  2. [2], access: 1 March 2017
  3. [3]
    Springer, M.: Analyse von Strukturkonzepten für das Transportsystem Hyperloop. Semesterarbeit, Technische Universität München, 2016. Online:, access: 1 March 2017Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Battenberg
    • 1
  • Maximilian Springer
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University of MunichMunichGermany

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