Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 323–330 | Cite as

Composition and Source Identification of Chemical Species in Dust from Selected Indoor Environments in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

  • Lasun T. OgundeleEmail author
  • Roseline T. Olasinde
  • Oyediran K. Owoade
  • Felix S. Olise
Original Article


This study presents the elemental compositions and concentrations of indoor dust and identifies the major sources in some selected indoor environments in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The dust samples were collected from 16 indoor environments comprising offices, churches, residential and staff quarters using a cyclonic high power vacuum cleaner. The dust samples were analyzed for elemental concentrations using x-ray fluorescences. The data sets were analyzed for the possible sources and their contributions using Principal Component Factor Analysis (PCFA). The result showed that dust samples contained several elements: K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Rb, Sr, Se, Zr, V, and Sc. The PCFA identified three factors with the percentage variance of 92, 77, 71 and 68%, for the office, church, residential, and staff quarters, respectively, for the combined elemental data of each of the site classes. The identified sources were track-in-soil, road and windblown soil dust, paint debris, household dust from personal care materials, cooking, and cleaning activities. The unintentional track-in-soil due to mobility of the occupants, structural materials, and outdoor air was the major sources contributing to the indoor dust.


Indoor dust Compositions PCFA Sources Windblown soil 



The authors are grateful to the staff of the Obafemi Awolowo University for the permission granted one of them (Olasinde T. Roseline) to sample in their offices and staff quarters.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that no conflict of interest exists


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lasun T. Ogundele
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Roseline T. Olasinde
    • 1
  • Oyediran K. Owoade
    • 1
  • Felix S. Olise
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Research Laboratory (ERL), Department of Physics and Engineering PhysicsObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Medical SciencesOndoNigeria

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