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Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 413–420 | Cite as

Non-woven Textile Materials from Waste Fibers for Cleanup of Waters Polluted with Petroleum and Oil Products

  • Margarita Neznakomova
  • Silvena Boteva
  • Luben Tzankov
  • Mohamed ElhagEmail author
Original Article
  • 373 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the possibility of using non-woven materials (NWM) from waste fibers for oil spill cleanup and their subsequent recovery. Manufacture of textile and readymade products generates a significant amount of solid waste. A major part of it is deposited in landfills or disposed of uncontrollably. This slowly degradable waste causes environmental problems. In the present study are used two types of NWM obtained by methods where waste fibers are utilized. Thus, real textile products are produced (blankets) with which spills are covered and removed by adsorption. These products are produced by two methods: the strengthening of the covering from recovered fibers is made by entanglement when needles of special design pass through layers (needle-punching) or by stitching with thread (technology Maliwatt). Regardless of the random nature of the fiber mixture, the investigated products are good adsorbents of petroleum products. The nature of their structure (a significant void volume and developed surface) leads to a rapid recovery of the spilled petroleum products without sinking of the fiber layer for the sampled times. The used NWM can be burned under special conditions.

Keywords

Non-woven materials Oil pollution Textile waste Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The project no. BG161PO003-1.1.05–0261/15.02.2013 “Filter media of non-wovens”, developed by E-SOLAR Ltd., was funded under the Operational Program “Development of the Competitiveness of Bulgarian Economy” 2007–2013 and co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund and the national budget of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nonwovens, Technical Textile and Nanotechnology in Textile LaboratoryTechnical UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and Nature Protection, Faculty of BiologySofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”SofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Environmental Technology and Management LaboratoryTechnical UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  4. 4.Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land AgricultureKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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