Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 413–420 | Cite as

Non-woven Textile Materials from Waste Fibers for Cleanup of Waters Polluted with Petroleum and Oil Products

  • Margarita Neznakomova
  • Silvena Boteva
  • Luben Tzankov
  • Mohamed ElhagEmail author
Original Article


The aim of this work was to investigate the possibility of using non-woven materials (NWM) from waste fibers for oil spill cleanup and their subsequent recovery. Manufacture of textile and readymade products generates a significant amount of solid waste. A major part of it is deposited in landfills or disposed of uncontrollably. This slowly degradable waste causes environmental problems. In the present study are used two types of NWM obtained by methods where waste fibers are utilized. Thus, real textile products are produced (blankets) with which spills are covered and removed by adsorption. These products are produced by two methods: the strengthening of the covering from recovered fibers is made by entanglement when needles of special design pass through layers (needle-punching) or by stitching with thread (technology Maliwatt). Regardless of the random nature of the fiber mixture, the investigated products are good adsorbents of petroleum products. The nature of their structure (a significant void volume and developed surface) leads to a rapid recovery of the spilled petroleum products without sinking of the fiber layer for the sampled times. The used NWM can be burned under special conditions.


Non-woven materials Oil pollution Textile waste Adsorption 



The project no. BG161PO003-1.1.05–0261/15.02.2013 “Filter media of non-wovens”, developed by E-SOLAR Ltd., was funded under the Operational Program “Development of the Competitiveness of Bulgarian Economy” 2007–2013 and co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund and the national budget of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. Aboul-Gheit AK, Khalil FH, Abdel-Moghny T (2006) Adsorption of spilled oil from seawater by waste plastic. Oil Gas Sci Technol Rev IFP 61:259–268. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adebajo MO, Frost RL, Kloprogge JT, Carmody O (2003) Porous materials for oil spill cleanup: a review of synthesis and absorbing properties. J Porous Mater 10:159–170. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baird S (2008) Environmental costs of energy use. Oil Spills. Accessed 4 May 2016
  4. Dobrevski I, Mavrov V, Nenov V, Ganev V (1987) Technology of water—part II. Technika, Sofia (in Bulgarian) Google Scholar
  5. Elhag M, Bahtawi J (2016) Consideration of geo-statistical analysis in soil pollution assessment caused by leachate breakout in the municipality of Thermi, Greece. Desalin Water Treat 57:27879–27889. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elhag M, Bahrawi J, Galal HK, Aldhebiani A, Al-Ghamdi AAM (2017) Stream network pollution by olive oil wastewater risk assessment in Crete, Greece. Environ Earth Sci 76:278. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Horrocks AR, Anand SC (2000) Handbook of technical textiles. Woodhead Publishing LtdGoogle Scholar
  8. International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF) Accessed 3 Mar 2018
  9. Kamath MG, Dahiya A, Hegde RR (2004) Needle punched nonwovens. Textiles Introduction 25Google Scholar
  10. Khlestkin RN, Samoilov NA (2000) Mat. 4 Mezhdunar. konf. “Khimiya nefti i gaza”, vol 2. STT, Tomsk, pp 191Google Scholar
  11. Kończewicz W, Otremba Z, Sałek K, Walaszkowska N (2015) Comparison of nonwoven fabrics in terms of usefulness for oil spill combat. J KONES. Powertrain and Transport 22(3):99–103. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kulikova IY (2008) Modern technologies of cleaning soil territories and water areas from oil pollution. Environ Protecti Oil Gas Complex 25:72–75 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  13. Pat. 2097125 RF (1997)Google Scholar
  14. Pat. 2197321 RF (2003)Google Scholar
  15. Radetic M, Ilic V, Radojevic D, Miladinovic R, Jocic D, Jovancic P (2008) Efficiency of recycled wool-based nonwoven material for the removal of oils from water. Chemosphere 70:525–530. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sirotkina EE, Novoselova LYU (2005) Materials for adsorption purification of water from petroleum and oil products. Chem Sust Dev 13:359–375Google Scholar
  17. White IC (2000) Oil spill response–experience, trends and challenges—8th international spill conference, 15–17 august 2000. Darwin, AustraliaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nonwovens, Technical Textile and Nanotechnology in Textile LaboratoryTechnical UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and Nature Protection, Faculty of BiologySofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”SofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.Environmental Technology and Management LaboratoryTechnical UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  4. 4.Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land AgricultureKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations