Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 233–245 | Cite as

Nutrient Removal Vis-à-Vis Change in Partial Pressure of CO2 During Post-Monsoon Season in a Tropical Lentic and Lotic Aquatic Body: A Comparative Study

  • Sourav BhattacharyyaEmail author
  • Abhra Chanda
  • Sourav Das
  • Anirban Akhand
  • Suchismita Pattanaik
  • S. B. Choudhury
  • Dibyendu Dutta
  • Sugata Hazra
Original Article


The rate of nutrient removal and changes in pCO2 (water) were compared between a lentic aquaculture pond [East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW), India] and a lotic estuarine system [Diamond Harbor (DH) in Hugli Estuary, India] during the post‐monsoon season (experiencing a similar tropical climate) by means of ex situ microcosm experiment. Though the DH waters were found to be substantial source of CO2 towards atmosphere and EKW waters to be sink for CO2 (according to the initial concentration of CO2), the eight consecutive days microcosm experiment revealed that the nutrient removal and pCO2 reduction efficiency were significantly higher in DH (ΔpCO2—90%) compared to EKW (ΔpCO2—78%). Among the five nutrients studied [dissolved nitrate‐nitrogen (NO3–N), dissolved ammonium nitrogen (NH4–N), silicate, phosphate and iron], dissolved NO3–N followed by NH4–N was the most utilized in both EKW and DH. Except silicate, the other nutrients reduced to 78–91% in EKW and 84–99% in DH samples of their initial concentrations. Chlorophyll‐a concentration steadily depleted in EKW (~ 68–26 mg m−3) during the experiment indicating intense zooplankton grazing, whereas in DH it increased rapidly (~ 3.4–23 mg m−3) with decreasing pCO2 (water). The present observations further indicated that regular flushing of EKW aquaculture ponds is required to avoid stagnation of water column which would enhance the zooplankton grazing and hamper the primary production of an otherwise sink of CO2. In DH, controlled freshwater discharge from Farakka and reduction of untreated organic waste might allow the existing phytoplankton community to enhance their photosynthetic activity.


Nutrient removal PCO2 (water) Lentic ecosystem Lotic ecosystem East Kolkata Wetlands Hugli Estuary 



The authors are grateful to National Remote Sensing Centre, Department of Space, Govt. of India for funding the present research work. Sourav Bhattacharyya is indebted to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for providing the CSIR‐NET fellowship. The authors are also grateful to Sudip Manna for helping us in the preparation of a study area map.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sourav Bhattacharyya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abhra Chanda
    • 1
  • Sourav Das
    • 1
  • Anirban Akhand
    • 2
  • Suchismita Pattanaik
    • 3
  • S. B. Choudhury
    • 4
  • Dibyendu Dutta
    • 4
  • Sugata Hazra
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Oceanographic StudiesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Coastal and Estuarine Environment Research GroupPort and Airport Research InstituteYokosukaJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT)BhubaneswarIndia
  4. 4.Department of SpaceNational Remote Sensing Centre, Government of IndiaHyderabadIndia

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