Journal of the Indian Institute of Science

, Volume 99, Issue 3, pp 519–528 | Cite as

Biodegradable Cellulosic Sanitary Napkins from Waste Cotton and Natural Extract Based Anti-bacterial Nanocolorants

  • G. Sathishkumar
  • M. Aarthi
  • R. Senthilkumar
  • P. Nithiya
  • R. Selvakumar
  • Amitava BhattacharyyaEmail author
Review Article


With the aim to develop biodegradable quality sanitary pads at affordable prices to the schoolgirls and women, locally available cotton waste materials and anti-bacterial nanocolorants are used to prepare anti-bacterial biodegradable absorbent material suitable for sanitary napkins and diapers. Cotton fluff from loom waste was collected, cleaned and hydro-entangled to form absorbent sheet. The sheet shows water absorbency of more than 470%. Electrochemically synthesized natural extract (from neem and orange peel) based nanocolorants were incorporated in the material to improve their anti-bacterial ability. Further, microporous polylactic acid biodegradable sheet was used to pack the absorbent layer and its performance was tested. This anti-bacterial biodegradable absorbent pad would be an ideal substitute for synthetic sanitary pads considering its 100% biodegradability. This can provide a long-term viable alternative to the current practices.



Authors express their gratitude to PSG Institutions for the financial and other supports to carry out this work.


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Copyright information

© Indian Institute of Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Functional, Innovative and Smart TextilesPSG Institute of Advanced StudiesCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryP.S.G.R. Krishnammal College for WomenCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringPSG College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  4. 4.NanobiotechnologyPSG Institute of Advanced StudiesCoimbatoreIndia

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