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Violence and Dispossession at the Intersection of Colonialism and Capitalist Accumulation

  • Stephen A. MrozowskiEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Drawing inspiration from the writings of Rosa Luxemburg, this article examines the role of consumer behavior in the growth of capitalism, as well as the roles of violence and accumulation by dispossession at the intersection of colonialism and capitalist accumulation. In her critique of Marx, Luxemburg asked what had created the demand for the goods that fueled capitalist expansion. She also called for more studies of the “real-life” experiences of those who were actors in capitalist economies. This article examines case studies from 12th- to 16th-century Europe and Britain for evidence of consumerism driving economic expansion, and takes a detailed look at the manner in which colonial legal systems contributed to the violence and dispossession experienced by the Nipmuc of Massachusetts and Connecticut. These two forces—consumer behavior and accumulation through dispossession––are presented as critical elements of an emerging political economy that was linked to the growth of capitalism.

Keywords

colonialism capitalism violence Nipmuc 

Extracto

Inspirado en los escritos de Rosa Luxemburg, este artículo examina el papel del comportamiento del consumidor en el crecimiento del capitalismo, así como los roles de violencia y acumulación por despojo en la intersección del colonialismo y la acumulación capitalista. En su crítica de Marx, Luxemburg preguntó qué había creado la demanda para los bienes que impulsaron la expansión capitalista. También pidió más estudios sobre las experiencias de la "vida real" de aquellos que fueron actores en las economías capitalistas. Este artículo examina estudios de caso de Europa y Gran Bretaña del siglo XII al XVI en busca de evidencias de consumismo que impulsa la expansión económica, y analiza detalladamente la manera en que los sistemas legales coloniales contribuyeron a la violencia y el despojo que sufrió los nipmuc de Massachusetts y Connecticut. Estas dos fuerzas, el comportamiento del consumidor y la acumulación a través del despojo, se presentan como elementos críticos de una economía política emergente que estaba vinculada al crecimiento del capitalismo.

Résumé

Tirant son inspiration des écrits de Rosa Luxemburg, cet article examine le rôle du comportement du consommateur dans le développement du capitalisme, ainsi que les rôles de la violence et de l'accumulation par la dépossession au croisement du colonialisme et de l'accumulation capitaliste. Dans sa critique de Marx, Rosa Luxemburg s'interrogeait sur ce qui avait créé la demande de biens ayant nourri l'expansion capitaliste. Elle appelait également à des études supplémentaires portant sur les expériences de la « vie réelle » de ceux qui étaient acteurs dans les économies capitalistes. Cet article examine des études de cas dans l'Europe et la Grande-Bretagne du 12ème au 16ème siècle à la recherche d'éléments de consumérisme stimulant l'expansion économique. Il analyse en détail la manière dont les systèmes juridiques coloniaux ont contribué à la violence et à la dépossession dont les tribus Nipmuc du Massachusetts et du Connecticut ont été victimes. Ces deux forces, à savoir le comportement du consommateur et l'accumulation par le biais d'une dépossession, sont présentées comme les éléments critiques d'une politique économique émergente liée à la croissance du capitalisme.

Notes

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© Society for Historical Archaeology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fiske Center for Archaeological Research, Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBostonU.S.A.

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