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Historical Archaeology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 236–250 | Cite as

Excavating the “Garden of the North”: Five Centuries of Material and Social Change in Western Massachusetts: An Introduction

  • Robert Paynter
  • Linda Ziegenbein
  • Quentin Lewis
Original Article

Abstract

The recent history of western Massachusetts was shaped by a set of processes familiar in post-Columbian North America, including colonization, revolutionary repositioning in the Atlantic and world system, industrialization and deindustrialization, struggles for racial emancipation and gender and sexual equality, and the emergence of cultural reproduction to supplement, and increasingly to replace, the loss of industrial work. The particular political, economic, social, ideological, and ecological contexts of western Massachusetts are presented to provide background for the finer-grained studies in the articles that follow.

Extracto

La historia reciente del oeste de Massachusetts fue moldeada por un conjunto de procesos familiares en la América del Norte poscolombina, que incluyen la colonización, el reposicionamiento revolucionario en el sistema atlántico y mundial, la industrialización y la desindustrialización, las luchas por la emancipación racial y la igualdad de género y sexualidad, así como la aparición de la reproducción cultural para complementar, y cada vez más para reemplazar, la pérdida de trabajo industrial. Los contextos políticos, económicos, sociales, ideológicos y ecológicos particulares del oeste de Massachusetts se presentan para proporcionar antecedentes para los estudios más detallados en los artículos que siguen.

Résumé

L’histoire récente de l’ouest du Massachusetts se compose d’un ensemble de processus répandus dans l’Amérique du Nord post-colombienne, dont la colonisation, le repositionnement révolutionnaire dans l’Atlantique et le système mondial, l’industrialisation et la désindustrialisation, les conflits pour l’émancipation raciale et l’égalité des sexes et sexualités, et l’émergence d’une reproduction culturelle pour compléter, et de plus en plus remplacer, la perte du travail industriel. Les contextes politiques, économiques, sociaux, idéologiques et écologiques particuliers de l’ouest du Massachusetts sont présentés comme arrière-plans aux études plus approfondies des articles qui suivent.

Notes

Acknowledgments:

This special thematic collection began as a session at the 2014 American Anthropological Association annual meeting, titled “Producing Western Massachusetts.” Special thanks to Randy Daum, Elena Sesma, Honora X. Sullivan-Chin, and Chris Douyard for their papers in the session, and especially thanks to Chris Matthews and Warren Perry for their insightful discussant comments and encouragements that we bring the session to a wider audience. We would also like to thank Philip Zea, Anne Lanning, Claire Carlson, William Flynt, and Donald Friary of Historic Deerfield, Inc.; David Bosse of the Deerfield Memorial Libraries; Timothy Neumann and Suzanne Flynt of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association; and Bernard Drew, Rachel Fletcher, Wray Gunn, Frances Jones-Sneed, David Glassberg, Marla Miller, Jay Schafer, Elizabeth Chilton, Kevin Sweeney, Neal Salisbury, Ritchie Garrison, Ron and Sherrie Welburn, Steve Strimer, Marge Bruchac, Rae Gould, Michael Nassaney, Martin Wobst, Art Keene, James Moore, Mark Leone, Thomas Patterson, Braden Paynter, Donna and John Moody, and Dolores Root for their support over the years.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Paynter
    • 1
  • Linda Ziegenbein
    • 2
  • Quentin Lewis
    • 3
  1. 1.Northampton, MA 01060U.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Massachusetts AmherstAmherstU.S.A.
  3. 3.Yager Museum of Art and CultureHartwick CollegeOneontaU.S.A.

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