O Arqueólogo Cordial: A Junta Nacional de Educação e o Enquadramento Institucional da Arqueologia Portuguesa durante o Estado Novo (1936–1974)
The relationship between dictatorships and archaeology is a topic that has been approached by numerous scholars in recent decades such as Arnold (1990), Galaty and Watkinson (2004), and González-Ruibal (2012). In O Arqueólogo Cordial (The Cordial Archaeologist), Rui Gomes Coelho gives us an intimate look at archaeology in Portugal under the Estado Novo (New State) between 1936 and 1974. The architect of this dictatorship, António de Oliveira Salazar, envisioned the Estado Novo as a corporative state organized not by class lines but by organizations or councils involved in similar trades, such as the military and education, that were centrally controlled by the state. The Estado Novo was also hierarchical, religious (Catholic), and patriarchal, mirroring the ideal Portuguese family. During this same period, archaeology in Portugal was institutionalized for the first time and placed under the jurisdiction of the governmental agency known as the Junta Nacional de Educação(JNE) (National...
KeywordsPortuguese archaeology António de Oliveira Salazar nationalism
- Arnold, B. 1990 The Past as Propaganda: Totalitarian Archaeology in Nazi Germany. Antiquity 64(244):464–478.Google Scholar
- Galaty, M. L., and C. Watkinson (editors) 2004 Archaeology under Dictatorship. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- González-Ruibal, A. 2012 From the Battlefield to the Labour Camp: Archaeology of Civil War and Dictatorship in Spain. Antiquity 86(332):456–473.Google Scholar