Study on the radon removal for the water system of Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory

  • C. Guo
  • J. C. Liu
  • Y. P. ZhangEmail author
  • P. Zhang
  • C. G. Yang
  • Y. B. Huang
  • W. X. Xiong
  • H. Q. Zhang
  • Y. T. Wei
  • Y. Y. Gan
Original Paper



The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a 20-kton multipurpose underground liquid scintillator detector, was proposed with the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy as a primary physics goal. To veto the cosmogenic background and shield the central detector from the environmental radioactivity, a multi-veto system, which consists of a water Cherenkov detector and a top tracker detector, is required. In order to keep the water quality good and remove the radon from water, an ultrapure water system, a radon removal system and radon concentration measurement system have been designed.


The JUNO ultrapure water system was designed on the basis of the water system of the Daya Bay experiment. By installing the degassing membrane devices on the water system of JUNO prototype and Daya Bay experiment which can remove radon from water, the radon removal efficiency has been measured at the conditions of different gas–liquid phase pressures and different gas concentrations in water using the radon measurement system.


Loading carbon dioxide into the water and increasing the inlet water pressure could help to improve the radon removal efficiency of the degassing membrane devices, and the radon concentration in water can be reduced to \(\sim 0.1 \hbox { Bq/m}^3\).


A reliable ultrapure water production and circulation system has been designed to keep the water quality good and to reduce the radon concentration in water for JUNO water Cherenkov detector. The radon concentration in water can satisfy the requirement of JUNO by using the Liqui-Cel degassing membrane devices.


Ultra-pure water Radon Degassing membranes 



Many thanks to Shoukang Qiu and Quan Tang of University of South China for their help during the experiment. This work was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA10010300).


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Copyright information

© Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Nuclear Electronics and Nuclear Detection Society and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy PhysicsChinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of PhysicsUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina

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