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Lasers in Dental Science

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 201–211 | Cite as

Antibacterial effect of Er:YAG laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effect on implant surfaces: a literature review

  • Khaled SmeoEmail author
  • Riman Nasher
  • Norbert Gutknecht
Review Article

Abstract

The aim

The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis by reviewing in vivo and in vitro studies concerned with the antibacterial effect of Er:YAG laser (2940 nm) and their effects on implant surfaces at different parameters for peri-implantitis treatment.

Materials and methods

The PubMed and Google Scholar had been used to search for articles focused on the antibacterial effect of Er:YAG laser (2940 nm) in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces. This literature search was limited to 10 years (January 2007–March 2017).

Results

The safe settings of Er:YAG laser (2940 nm) which may be used as an antibacterial effect without surface alteration or increase of temperature in the treatment of peri-implantitis are 100 mJ/pulse, 1 W, 10 Hz, and 12.74 J/cm2 for 60 s.

Conclusion

A consideration should be taken when Er:YAG laser 2940 nm wavelength is used to avoid a negative thermal and characteristic effect on the implant surfaces, where the favorable settings which can be used in the treatment of peri-implantitis are 100 mJ/pulse, 1 W, 10 Hz, and 12.74 J/cm2 for 60 s.

Keywords

Dental implant Periimplantitis Peri-implantitis Periimplant Dental implant surface Decontamination Disinfection Antibacterial effect Bactericidal effect Er:YAG laser Laser treatment and laser therapy 

Abbreviations

ERL

Er;YAG laser

TPS

Titanium plasma sprayed

PW

Pulse wave

MR

Mucosal recession

HA

Hydroxyapatite

s

Second

PD

Pocket depth

SLA

Sand blasted, large grit, acid-etched

μs

Microsecond

PI

Plaque index

Y-TZP

Yittrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal

ms

Millisecond

BOP

Bleeding on probing

CPS

Cotton pellets + plastic curets + sterile saline

μm

Micrometer

LS-LPS

Low-power setting

HS-HPS

High power setting

CAL

Clinical attachment level

TiO2

Fluoride modified

SAE

Sandblasted and acid-etched

AO

Anodic oxidized

N info

No information

M

Machined

Ra

Roughness

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryAl Asmarya UniversityZlitenLibya
  2. 2.Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive DentistryRWTH Aachen University HospitalAachenGermany

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