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Lasers in Dental Science

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 193–200 | Cite as

Antibacterial effect of diode lasers in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces: a literature review

  • Khaled SmeoEmail author
  • Riman Nasher
  • Norbert Gutknecht
Review Article

Abstract

The aim

The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis by reviewing in vivo and in vitro studies concerned with the antibacterial effect of diode lasers (810 nm, 940 nm, and 980 nm) and their effects on implant surfaces at different parameters for peri-implantitis treatment.

Materials and methods

The PubMed and Google Scholar had been used to search for articles focused on the antibacterial effect of diode lasers (810 nm, 940 nm, and 980 nm) in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces. This literature search was limited to 10 years (January 2007–March 2017).

Results

Diode laser is an effective adjunctive tool in treatment of peri-implantitis in combination with a conventional therapy without any negative effect on the surrounding soft and hard tissues, and on the implant surfaces where the favorable settings regarding to vivo and vitro studies are 810 nm in non-contact continuous wave mode at 1 W for 20 s, five times with 30-s pause after each 20-s application time, and 600-μm fiber tip or 810 nm in non-contact pulse wave mode at 1 W, 50 Hz and a pulse duration of 100 ms/pulse, 30-s application time (2 times for each side).

Conclusion

Eight hundred ten-nanometer diode laser wavelength with a low average power and appropriate irradiation time treat the peri-implantitis significantly without affecting the surrounding tissues or alteration of the implant surfaces.

Keywords

Dental implant Peri-implantitis Peri-implantitis Peri-implant Dental implant surface Decontamination Disinfection Antibacterial effect Bactericidal effect Diode laser Laser treatment Laser therapy 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryAl Asmarya UniversityZlitenLibya
  2. 2.Department of Conservative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive DentistryRWTH Aachen University HospitalAachenGermany

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