Occupational Health Science

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 409–435 | Cite as

Understanding the Correlates Between Care-Recipient Age and Caregiver Burden, Work-Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intentions

  • Kyle J. PageEmail author
  • Zuzuky Robles
  • Kathleen M. Rospenda
  • Joseph J. Mazzola
Original Research Article


Although the caregiver literature has explored a wide array of different variables, there is a gap in research on how demographics of the care recipient affect their caregiver. Using data from a diverse sample of 1007 unpaid caregivers, individuals were separated into four groups based on care recipient age; childcare, adultcare, eldercare, and those with care recipients from multiple age categories. Then, following previous literature, childcare was split into four groups based on the age of the youngest child cared for (0–2 years; 3–5 years; 6–12 years; and 13–17 years). Group differences were found in work-family conflict (time) and five types of caregiver burden. Specifically, time-dependence burden differed most between groups with caregivers of children (0–2 years) having the highest levels and caregivers of children (13–17) having the lowest levels. There were no differences found between groups for job satisfaction, turnover intentions, or family-work conflict. Additional differences were found when considering caregivers’ gender. This research is an exploratory step in understanding how age of care recipient relates to different outcomes for caregivers. Implications are discussed.


Caregivers Caregiver burden Work-family conflict Age 



The data were collected by the Survey Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In complaince with ethical standards, there is no conflict of interest for any of the authors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologySouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA
  2. 2.Department of I/O PsychologyRoosevelt UniversityChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Illinois-ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Department of I/O PsychologyMeredith CollegeRaleighUSA

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