Occupational Health Science

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 181–201 | Cite as

A Fresh Look at Socio-Demographics in Work-Family Conflict: a Cluster Analysis Approach

  • Kyle J. PageEmail author
  • Jacqueline K. Deuling
  • Joseph J. Mazzola
  • Kathleen M. Rospenda
Original Research Article


An important gap in work-family literature is the understanding of how socio-demographic variables, such as sex, age, hours worked, age of youngest child, and household income may relate to work-family conflict. Using data from 667 individuals and longitudinal data from 1007 caregivers, separate exploratory cluster analysis by gender provided a three cluster solution for caregiving men, non-caregiving men, and caregiving women and a four cluster solution for non-caregiving women. Differences in work interfering with family were found in caregiving men, caregiving women, and non-caregiving women clusters. Non-caregiving men, non-caregiving women, and caregiving women had differential levels of family interfering with work by cluster. Cohen’s D revealed that age had the largest effect size between clusters for individuals and caregivers. Findings and implications are discussed.


Work-family conflict Socio-demographics Cluster analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle J. Page
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacqueline K. Deuling
    • 1
  • Joseph J. Mazzola
    • 1
  • Kathleen M. Rospenda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of I/O PsychologyRoosevelt UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Illinois-ChicagoChicagoUSA

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