Radiotherapy-customized head immobilization masks: from modeling and analysis to 3D printing
- 6 Downloads
Immobilization devices may be a valuable aid to ensure the improved effectiveness of radiotherapy treatments where constraining the movements of specific anatomical segments is crucial. This need is also present in other situations, specifically when the superposition of various medical images is required for fine identification and characterization of some pathologies. Because of their structural characteristics, existing head immobilization systems may be claustrophobic and very uncomfortable for patients, during both the modeling and usage stages. Because of this, it is important to minimize all the discomforts related to the mask to alleviate patients’ distress and to simultaneously guarantee and maximize the restraint effectiveness of the mask. In the present work, various head immobilization mask models are proposed based on geometrical information extracted from computerized tomography images and from 3D laser scanning point clouds. These models also consider the corresponding connection to a radiotherapy table, as this connection is easily altered to accommodate various manufacturers’ solutions. A set of materials used in the radiotherapy field is considered to allow the assessment of the stiffness and strength of the masks when submitted to typical loadings.
KeywordsComputed tomography 3D laser scanning Geometric modeling Head immobilization devices Stiffness and strength analyses 3D printing
The authors wish to acknowledge Fundação Champalimaud for the possibility of obtaining the CT images, which were essential to this study.
- 1.J. Ferlay, I. Soerjomataram, M. Ervik, R. Dikshit, S. Eser, C. Mathers, M. Rebelo, D.M. Parkin, D. Forman, F. Bray, GLOBOCAN 2012: estimated cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide in 2012 v1.0. IARC CancerBase no. 11. ISBN-13 978-92-832-2447-1Google Scholar
- 2.National Cancer Institute, A Snapshot of Head and Neck Cancer, Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2013 (27 Jan 2015)Google Scholar
- 3.S. Pelengaris, M. Khan (eds.), The Molecular Biology of Cancer (Blackwell and Publishing, Oxford, 2006), pp. 1–30Google Scholar
- 9.S. Chen, Y. Lu, C. Hopfgartner et al., 3-D Printing based production of head and neck mask for radiation therapy using CT volume data: a fully automatic framework, in Proceeding-International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (2016), pp. 403–406. https://doi.org/10.1109/isbi.2016.7493293
- 10.E. Sousa, L. Vieira, D. Costa et al., Comparison between 3d laser scanning and computed tomography on the modelling of head surface, in 3rd International Conference on Numerical and Symbolic Computation—SYMCOMP 2017. Guimarães, Portugal. ECCOMAS—European Community on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences (2017), pp. 119–128Google Scholar
- 11.M.A.R. Loja, E. Sousa, L. Vieira, D.M.S. Costa, D.S. Craveiro, R. Parafita, D.C. Costa, Using 3D anthropometric data for the modelling of customised head immobilisation masks. Comput. Methods Biomech. Biomed. Eng. Imaging Vis. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/21681163.2018.1507840 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 13.SolidWorks. https://www.solidworks.com/product/solidworks-simulation. Accessed 10 Jan 2018
- 14.Material Property Data – MATWEB. 2017. http://www.matweb.com/index.aspx. Accessed 10 Jan 2018
- 15.Gamma Compatible Materials. 2011. Nordion: Science Advancing Health. http://www.nordion.com. Accessed 27 Dec 2017