Today, millions of electrocommunication, electric, medical, and industrial devices use battery. Batteries with long life and high energy density seem to be essential in medical, military, oil and mining, aerospace areas as well as conditions in which access is difficult and in situations where replacement or recharging of battery is costly. In this regard, the use of radiation energy resulting from radioactive materials and its conversion to electric energy can be effective in making batteries. In the present study, various Mo-99 radioisotope values with a half-life of 65.98 h were used as a soluble radioactive source in two materials of water and aqua regia. Then, by comparing the results of the Monte Carlo simulations program MCNPX for these two solutions, it was found that when the water is used instead of aqua regia (for idealization), the values of the superficial current of electrons, the volumetric flux of electrons, and the deposited energy in the volume containing the radioactive solution increased by 10.80, 4.10, and 13.80%, respectively. Also, the short-circuit current and energy conversion efficiency of this battery with a concentration of 0.01 molar, Mo-99 dissolved in the aqua regia are 0.79 µA and 16.47%, respectively.
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