An indicator-based approach to assess farm households’ vulnerability to climate change: evidence from Odisha, India

  • Asis Kumar SenapatiEmail author


The study aims to assess farmers’ vulnerability to climate change using indicator based approach in order to highlight important factors such as demographic, social and health factors contributing to vulnerability of agriculture to climatic variability and climate change in both irrigated and rain-fed regions of the state. Vulnerability analysis was done using three different composite indices such as: Livelihood Vulnerability Index, Livelihood Vulnerability Index of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and Livelihood Effect Index. Based on results, the study found that water component has the largest contribution to the vulnerability of the farmers’ community in Bolangir district where as the Natural disaster and climate vulnerability has the largest contribution to the vulnerability of the farmers’ community in Cuttack district. High exposure and a relatively low adaptive capacity are significant factors that cause the farm household to be more sensitive to climate variability and climate change.


Climate change Vulnerability IPCC Exposure Sensitivity Adaptive capacity 



The author would like to thank the editor and anonymous reviewers for the useful and constructive comments. The author is grateful to Prof. Phanindra Goyari, School of Economics, University of Hyderabad for his constant motivation and support during early phase of research. The author would also like to thank Prof. Gopal Kadekodi, Prof. M.N. Murty, and Prof. Saudamin Das, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi University for their useful suggestions and comments on earlier draft of this paper. However, usual disclaimer applies.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.P.G. Department of EconomicsRavenshaw UniversityCuttackIndia

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